Gastrorrhea. Excessive secretion of gastric juice or mucus in the stomach.
A term that refers to the stomach and intestines is: gastrointestinal.
Gastric Secretion The stomach secretes water, electrolytes, hydrochloric acid and glycoproteins, including mucin, self factors and enzymes (Figure 253). Figure 253.Secretory influences and hormones involved in the synthesis and secretion of hydrochloric acid by the parietal cells.
A volvulus occurs when an intestinal loop rotates on itself and on the supporting mesentery, causing intestinal obstruction. Risk factors include a birth defect known as bowel malrotation, enlarged colon, Hirschsprung’s disease, pregnancy, and abdominal adhesions.
Gastroenteritis. Medical term meaning inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestines. Cholecystectomy. Surgical removal of the gallbladder.
The stomach secretes acids and enzymes that digest food. Rugae, called rugae, stretch the abdomen. The abdominal muscles contract and throw out food regularly to improve digestion. The pyloric sphincter is a valve in the muscle that opens to allow food to move from the stomach to the small intestine.
Pepsin is an endopeptidase that breaks down proteins into smaller amino acids. It is produced in the main cells of the stomach lining and is one of the most important digestive enzymes in the digestive system of humans and many other animals, where it helps digest proteins from food.
The main component of stomach acid is hydrochloric acid, which is produced by the parietal cells (also called oxygen cells) in the gastric glands of the stomach. Separation is a complex and relatively energetic process.
The four main functions of the colon are the production of water and electrolytes, the formation and storage of ■■■■■, and the fermentation of certain nutrients that bacteria cannot digest. The ileocecal valve controls the entry of material from the last part of the small intestine, the ileum.
The esophagus is a muscular tube about 10 inches long with a sphincter (valve) on each end. Its function is to move food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach after ingestion. There is no absorption of nutrients into the esophagus. A bite that is chewed and swallowed is called a bolus.
|anorexia||Eating disorder characterized by a misperception of the appearance of the body leading to a strong fear of gaining weight and a refusal to maintain a normal body weight.|
|antiemetic||Medicines to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting.|
In fact, we talk about hyposalivation when there is not enough saliva. Some people have saliva in the normal measurable range, but still have the subjective feeling of dry mouth. This condition is known as xerostomia. Hyposalivation and xerostomia are often referred to simply as dry mouth.
Aerophagia is the medical term for excessive and repeated swallowing. We breathe some air when we talk, eat or laugh. People with aerophagia ingest so much air that they cause unpleasant gastrointestinal upset. These symptoms include gas, gas, belching, and gas.
Jaundice is the medical term that describes yellowing of the skin and eyes. Jaundice occurs when there is too much bilirubin in the system. Bilirubin is a yellow dye produced by the breakdown of ■■■■ red blood cells in the liver.
What term describes the surgical creation of an artificial opening in the abdominal cavity for permanent accommodation?
Anastomosis. surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures. Gastroduodenostomy. Creation of an anastomosis between the upper abdomen and the duodenum. Diverticulectomy.
The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is a bundle of muscles in the lower part of the esophagus where it meets the abdomen. When the SIO is closed, it prevents acid and stomach contents from flowing back from the stomach.