Electronic waste (e-waste) or waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) is the fastest rising waste stream in the established world. Products that are at their end of useful life or old electronic equipment models become a part of e-waste. The reason behind the rising amount of e-waste is the advanced technology that leaves behind old versions of computers, laptops, mobiles, televisions, refrigerators, and the list goes on. The main concern is that these products contain toxic by-products that contaminating the world continuously. The expensive recycling process makes it challenging to reduce e-waste. As a result, the load of recycling has been shifted to third world countries, where environmental laws are not implemented. The huge stock of high-tech trash is available to the public for scavenging by low-income families and their children. This results in environmental pollution and the worst health effects. Guiyu, China, the e-waste capital of the globe, acquires most of the technology refuse, but some other countries have become WEEE orchids, like Wenqiao in china; Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, and New Delhi in India; Accra in Ghana, and Karachi in Pakistan.
Discarded for new technology.
Electronic devices’ life-span is getting little; many products are being thrown off just because their batteries expire. E-wasted does not only contain old and damaged electronic equipment. Change in technology at such a dizzying speed that many electronic devices that still work well are considered outdated. When DVD players hit the market and replace the VCR players, most people get rid of those players even they are working fine, and now the Blu-ray players are coming in place of DVD players. The main contribution to e-waste is also a new technology. Unwanted electronic devices have been filling junkyards around the globe.
Global e-waste statistics.
Only in the US, up to 60 million metric tons of e-waste are dumped up in landfills every year. According to the EPA reports, every day, we get rid of more than 416,000mobile phones and 142,000 laptops by recycling or deposing them in a junkyard. As per research added in an assignment of assignment writing service the growth rate of the population compared to mobile phones is five times lesser. According to statistics, Asia produced the largest amount of E-Waste in 2019, almost 24.9 Mt, America (13.1 Mt) and Europe (12 Mt), while Africa generated 2.9 Mt E-Waste.
Dangerous impact of e-waste on health.
There are multitudes of components in EEE’s, some toxic that harm human health and the environment if not managed properly. Often these dangers arise happens due to impropriate reprocessing and dumping process used. It can have the worst consequence for those near places where e-waste is reprocessed or burnt. A computer contains highly poisonous chemicals like cadmium, lead, mercury, beryllium, polyvinyl chloride, BFR, and phosphor compounds. Some of these have high global warming potential and contribute to ozone depletion, resulting in a rise of UV radiations reaching the earth’s surface and cause skin cancer.
The growing problem.
When China refused to accept a number of kinds of e-waste, from countries like the America, Britain, Australia, and Japan noticed they are in big trouble now. Before it, China accepted almost all of the world’s e-waste (rejected laptops, mobiles, printers, televisions, microwave ovens, and other electronic devices and their parts. When China refused to accept e-trash for the sake of their habitat, the UK and the USA began s transporting their e-waste to Southern Asian countries. In 2016 49 million tons of electronic equipment had been discarded (equal to 4500 Eiffel Towers). If we still didn’t do anything and didn’t work on the RRR strategy that is REDUCE, REUSE, RECYCLE, the situation will get worst and number can rise up to 57 million tons in 2021.
Recycling e-waste can be done in two ways officially and informally. Systematic e-waste recycling generally implies the electronics, sorting the contents by their types and wipes them. Devices are then grated by machines for additional sorting with further detachment technologies. Corporations must bond to fitness and safety rules and use contamination-check technologies that lower the health and atmospheric dangers of holding e-trash. This is all about making formal recycling, which is costly and can only be done in developed countries. That is why many corporations and countries unlawfully transported their e-waste to underdeveloped states, where reprocessing is inexpensive. In these informal recycling workshops, informal recycling is generally unauthorized and uncontrolled. Poor labour of all age reacquire precious materials by melting devices to liquefy the worthless materials, using mercury and acids to regain the gold and other precious materials. By the lack of awareness and shortage of shielding equipment, they are handling dangerous materials. Breathing toxic chemicals and the exposure with dangerous e-trash equipment caused the rise of spontaneous abortions, premature births, mutations, disturbed thyroid function, and raised lead levels in the blood, improper lung function, and hyperkinetic disorder. Moreover, e-waste toxins pollute the environment, soil, and groundwater.
Benefits of recycling e-waste.
E-waste recycling aids to mend valuable material from old or damaged electronic devices. That in turn, safeguards the environment and natural resources. Manufacturers can now get recycled waste raw materials. Thus, mining needs to obtain raw materials are reduced.
Generating new jobs . The recycling of e-wastes provides new work for recyclers. This generates 1,57 jobs, $76,000 salaries charged, $14,101 tax revenues, for every thousand tonnes that you recycle. It seems that the garbage generates a lot of benefit.
Rescue precious metals. The more you recycle computers, you will save a lot of electric power. From mobile phones, you can get gold weighing 75 pounds, silver of 772 pounds, copper of 35,274 pounds, and palladium of 33 pounds every year.
Saves Landfills and lessen Global Warming. E-waste recycling provides work for skilled recyclers. This generates 1,57 jobs, $76,000 salaries charged, $14,101 tax revenues, for every thousand tonnes that you recycle. It seems that the garbage generates a lot of benefit.