What kind of salary can you expect as an electrician? Here's how to become one: Most electricians do internships, but some also start at technical school. Most states require an electrician's license. Salary: The average annual salary for an electrician is $56,180.
How much do electricians make a year?
In 2019, electricians received an average salary of $56,180. The highest paid 25% made $73,940 that year and the lowest 25% made $42,180. What is the best job for me?
What is the average hourly wage for an electrician?
These charts show the average hourly wage (base wage) and the average total cash hourly compensation for electrical apprenticeships in the United States. The median hourly wage for an apprentice electrician is between $26 and $33, and the median hourly wage is $30.
How much should you pay for an electrician?
While there are still low-cost areas where electricians charge $30 to $50 per hour, they typically charge $50 to $100 per hour or more, depending on local rates and their qualifications. Some electricians offer a flat rate per job rather than an hourly rate, depending on the amount and type of work being done.
How much can I earn as an electrician?
However, most charge between $40 and $100 per hour, and master electricians charge between $100 and $150 per hour or more. How Much Profit Can an Electricity Company Make? The benefits of an experienced electrician range from to, depending on the size of the business.
What is the average hourly rate for an electrician?
Hourly wages and project costs depend on the type of project you need to complete, as well as an electrician's license and experience. A fully licensed electrician can charge between $65 and $130 per hour, depending on the complexity of the job and the type of license.
What kind of salary can you expect as an electrician in california
While ZipRecruiter believes that salaries range from $73,733 to $25,069, salaries for most electricians currently range from $39,324 (25th percentile) to $56,528 (75th percentile), with the highest income (90th percentile) being $66,851 per year. in California.
How much do electricians make in California?
How much does a electrician make in California? In June 2021, the median annual salary for a California electrician was $44,646 per year. If you need a simple salary calculator, it's about a dollar an hour. That's the equivalent of $859 a week or $3,720 a month.
What is the median pay for an electrician?
How do they rate the job? How much does an electrician make? In 2019, electricians received an average salary of $56,180.
How much electrician get paid?
The average salary range for an electrician varies widely (less than $), suggesting that there can be many career and advancement opportunities based on your qualifications, location, and years of experience.
What kind of salary can you expect as an electrician in ireland
A person working as an electrician in Ireland typically earns around €19,800 per year. Salaries range from €10,700 (the lowest) to €29,900 (the highest). This is the average annual salary, including housing, transportation, and other benefits.
What is the average hourly wage of an electrician in Ireland?
The average hourly wage in Ireland is €10. This means that the average electrician in Ireland earns about €10 for every hour they work. Hourly wage is the wage paid for one hour of work.
How much do electricians get paid in France?
A new electrician with less than one year of work experience can count on an average total compensation (including tips, bonuses and overtime) of €21 including salary. A prospective apprentice electrician with 14 years of professional experience earns on average a total salary of €87 out of 87 salaries.
How much do apprentice electricians get paid?
A prospective apprentice electrician with 14 years of professional experience earns on average a total salary of €87 out of 87 salaries. What do electricians do? An electrical apprentice works with a licensed electrician and performs all assigned duties.
How much does an apprentice carpenter get paid in Ireland?
Woodworking Apprentice Rates (Ireland): Woodworking apprentices receive an hourly wage agreed with the employer based on their level of experience. Electricity allowances for apprentices (Ireland): Under the Sectoral Labor Scheme, electricians receive an hourly wage in euros (30% of the starting rate) in their first year of study.
What kind of salary can you expect as an electrician in the philippines
Electrician salaries in the Philippines range from Philippine Peso 10,000 per month (minimum wage) to Philippine Peso 34,600 per month (maximum wage). Median Salary The median salary is PLP 23,500 per month, meaning that half (50%) of those who work as electricians earn less than PLP 23,500 and the other half earn more than PLP 23,500.
How much is the salary of an electrical engineer in Philippines?
A young electrical engineer with less than a year of work experience can expect an average total compensation (including tips, bonuses and overtime) of 199,603 for 86 salaries. An electrical novice with 14 years of experience earns an average of 253,027 out of 206 salaries.
What is the pay by experience level for Electrical Engineers?
What is the salary of an electrical engineer for work experience? A young electrical engineer with less than a year of work experience can expect an average total compensation (including tips, bonuses and overtime) of 199,603 for 86 salaries.
How much does an electrician make in the United States?
How Much Does the Average American Electrician Make? The median salary for an electrician in the United States as of February 26, 2021, ranged from $43,550 to $71,700.
How much does a journeyman electrician make?
As of May 1, 2021, the average hourly wage for an electrician in the United States is $ per hour. While ZipRecruiter charges hourly wages in dollars and very low, the wages of most electrical learners in the United States are currently between dollars (25th percentile) and dollars (75th percentile).
What kind of salary can you expect as an electrician in michigan
If you are licensed, a Michigan chief electrician can expect between $55,600 and $70,100. Wages change from city to city: Harbor Beach, Michigan: $51,390 to $64,700.
How much does a journeyman electrician make in Michigan?
This person performs electrical work under the supervision of a master electrician. You can also work as an apprentice throughout your professional life. A student earns about $27 an hour in Michigan. You must have been apprenticed for two years and have passed the Master Electrician exam.
How do I get a job as an electrician in Michigan?
The union can also help you find work locally. Many self-employed electricians rely on unions for services such as health insurance and pensions. Once you get your electrical license in Michigan, you can start looking for a new job. Many companies post job openings on online forums.
How much does a master electrician make an hour?
The median wage for an electrician is $33 per hour. This content varies greatly by location. is a person who has undergone training as an electrician and has passed the exam to become an electrician. This license is required if you want to run a self-employed business.
How much does it cost to renew an electrician license in Michigan?
You can renew your electrical license in Michigan every three years. The current cost is $40 for a business license and $50 for a master electrician. Michigan also requires a 15-hour refresher course for electricians.
What kind of salary can you expect as an electrician in australia
A person working as an electrician in Australia generally earns about AUD 47,300 per year. Salaries range from AUS$25,100 (the lowest) to AUS$72,000 (the highest). This is the average annual salary, including housing, transportation, and other benefits.
What is the average hourly wage for an electrician in Australia?
The average hourly wage in Australia is AU$23. This means that the average Australian electrician earns about A$23 for every hour he works. Hourly wage = Annual wage ÷ (52 x 5 x 8) The hourly wage is the wage that is paid for one hour of work.
How much does a maintenance electrician make a year?
The maintenance electrician earns an average of $78,000. Most companies offer bonuses and overtime. Overtime pay can range from $ to $ per hour, while an electrician can expect a bonus of $1,600 to $10,174.
How much do electrical apprentices get paid in the US?
Year 4: $ For adult electrical learners, the promotion is not annual because they receive a higher enrollment fee and thus stabilize sooner. The student pays no federal fees. Like everything in life, there are always exceptions to the majority rule.
How much Commission does a residential electrician get paid?
The average commission a company pays to a home electrician is $1,000. A home electrician performs all kinds of electrical work in residential buildings. A commercial electrician earns an average of $77,000. Most companies offer a premium of $2,500 and overtime up to $2,500 per hour.
What kind of salary can you expect as an electrician in maine
Electricity in Maine averaged $54,240 per year in 2019, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Beginning electricians made about $37,120 and some seasoned professionals earned salaries up to $71,660.
What kind of salary can you expect as an electrician in south africa
A person working as an electrician in South Africa typically earns about RR 16,200 per month. Salaries range from RR 7,960 (lowest) to RR 25,300 (highest). This is the average monthly salary, including accommodation, transportation, and other benefits.
How much does an electrical engineer make in South Africa?
The wage estimates are based on wage survey data obtained directly from anonymous employers and employees in South Africa. A starting electrical engineer (13 years of experience) earns on average R522.660. On the other hand, a senior electrical engineer (with more than 8 years of experience) earns an average of RR 928,921.
How much does a maintenance electrician get paid in Zambia?
With a college degree, the average salary for a maintenance electrician is 7,520 RR per month. While a person with a certificate or diploma from the end of study earns a salary of Rs 10,800 per month, this is 43% more than a person with a high school diploma.
How much does an electrician make in ZAR per month?
An electrician with less than two years of employment earns approximately RR 9,440 per month. While a person with two to five years of experience is expected to earn 12,100 RR per month, 29% more than a person with less than two years of experience.
What are the requirements to become an electrician?
Electricians work for various companies, perform various tasks that generally require attention to detail and common sense, and are certified apprentice electricians. These licenses usually require four years of study.
What kind of salary can you expect as an electrician in singapore
The average salary for an electrical engineer in Singapore is S$45,979.
What is the average salary of a Singaporean in Singapore?
About salary in Singapore. The average annual salary in Singapore is S$67,152, which is equivalent to S$5,596 per month, including the employer's CPF contribution.
Why choose electrician Singapore?
Former customers warmly congratulate Electrician Singapore on the quality of the services provided. They appreciated the fast and efficient electrical solutions applied after electricians researched and analyzed the problem.
What salary increment should I expect when moving jobs in Singapore?
On average, job seekers who change jobs expect a pay increase of 10-15%. In Singapore, the average monthly gross earned income, including CPF contributions for permanent residents, is $4,534 (as of 2020). This is the annual nominal change from 2010 to 2020.
How much do electricians earn per hour or year?
According to BLS, the median salary for an electrician in May 2019 was $56,180 per year, or about $27 per hour. The richest 10% of electricians made more than $96,000 and the poorest 10% earned less than $34,000.
How much money does an electrical engineer make a year?
Compared to many other professions, electrical engineers receive relatively high salaries. Under the federal plan, an electrical engineer can earn an average of $89,880 per year. Since most employers only require electrical engineering candidates to have a bachelor's degree, this is a fairly well-paid profession.
How much does an electrician make annually in california
How much does a firefighter/paramedic make in California? The median salary for firefighters/ambulance medics in California was $53,560 as of April 27, 2021, but typically ranges from $40,170 to $66,950.
How much do machinists make in California?
How much does a CNC machinist make in California? The median salary for a machinist and CNC machine tool in California was $57,777 as of March 29, 2021, but typically ranges from $52,385 to $65,021.
What is the average pay for an electrician apprentice?
Electrician salaries vary from state to state and are based on a percentage of an electrician's hourly wage. The lowest average salary you can expect as a beginning apprentice is about a dollar an hour, and the highest is over a dollar. The median salary for an electrical engineering student in 2021 is approximately $34,841.
What is the starting salary for engineers?
The median starting salary for mechanical engineers with a bachelor's degree in 2020 was $64,200. What do mechanical engineers do? (Median salary $87,300).
How much does an EMT make a year?
- Geographical area EMT salaries in the US According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median EMT salary in the US in 2018 was $31,980 per year.
- Work Experience Depending on the experience and type of work that EMTs do, different specialized EMTs usually receive different salaries.
Where do electricians make the most money?
We identified seven states where the typical salary for an electrician is above the national average. New York tops the list, followed by New Hampshire and Wyoming in second and third place. Wyoming is above the national average and New York amplifies that trend from $9,535 to $49,937.
Is New York a good place to work as an electrician?
It should be noted that New York has a very active job market for electricians as several companies are currently hiring people for these types of positions. Since only a few states pay above the national average, the opportunities for economic growth when moving to a new location as an electrician should be treated with caution.
Should an electrician move to a new state?
Since only a few states pay above the national average, the opportunities for economic growth when moving to a new location as an electrician should be treated with caution. You should also consider the cost of living.
How much does an electrician make annually in illinois
In the suburbs, electricians in the northwestern state earned a median wage of $62,770 per year, or an hour, and in the Midwest, the median wage was $460,940 per year, or $1 per hour.. In the southern region, the median salary was $55,830 per year, or hourly wage.
How do I become an electrician in Illinois?
Most electricians begin their careers by participating in a union-sponsored training program. Some receive vocational training in high school to increase their learning opportunities. Illinois was one of the five states with the highest employment rate of electricians in the United States, with 22,940 employees in 2010.
What does a union electrician do in Illinois?
Some install new electrical equipment and wiring for new construction sites. A union electrician is a member of one of the unions in the state of Illinois. In May 2010, the Bureau of Labor Statistics estimated the wages of electricians in Illinois.
How much does the 50th percentile make in Illinois?
Among Illinois workers, the 50th percentile earned $70,560 per year. Salaries ranged from $40,230 to $92,900 per year, including the office's 10th to 90th percentile. The 25th percentile earned $53,220 per year and the 75th percentile earned $83,610 per year.
What is the average hourly rate for a licensed electrician?
In March 2021, the median annual salary for a licensed electrician in the United States was $61,626 per year. If you need a simple salary calculator, it's about a dollar an hour. That works out to $1,185 per week or $5,136 per month.
How much does it cost to hire an electrician?
Electrician charges per hour. Electricians typically charge $40 to $120 per hour, depending on where you live and your electrician license level. There are three levels: student, student and teacher. To earn a degree, electricians must meet certain test requirements.
What is the average salary for a CNA in California?
The median CNA salary in California is $16 per year. Salary estimates are based on 608 salaries submitted anonymously to Glassdoor by CNA employees in California.
How much do EMT's get paid in California?
How much does Emtbasic make in California? Clue to the source of the average base salary data. The median wage in California is one dollar an hour. Was the salary information helpful?
How do you calculate an hourly wage?
Calculate your hourly wage. Once you have these two numbers, you can divide your total annual income by your total hours per year to get your estimated hourly wage. For example, if your total income is $15,000 and your total hours are 2,080, then about $15,000 / 2,080 per hour.
How do you convert yearly salary into hourly wage?
- annual salary. Find your annual salary.
- The number of working weeks. Determine how many weeks of the year you will work.
- The total number of hours worked per year. Calculate the total number of hours you work per year.
- Transfer of wages to hours.
- Simultaneous calculations.
How to calculate the benefits of an hourly wage?
Multiply the hourly rate by a throughput multiplier to convert the hourly throughput rate to dollar value. If an employee makes $10 an hour and has a 30 percent wage, the calculation would be 10 x = 3, so the employee's total hourly wage is $3.
How do I calculate my average weekly wage?
To calculate your average weekly wage, you need to follow a few simple steps: Determine your total gross income (before taxes) 52 weeks before your injury, including overtime and bonuses. Divide this amount by 52 weeks (if it is less than 52 weeks, divide this by the number of working weeks).
Average hourly wage in us
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median hourly wage for US residents as of December 2020 is $ and the median weekly wage is $. This is the increase in the average hourly wage since December 2019, which was $, and the increase in the average weekly wage in 2019, which was $.
What is the average minimum wage in the United States?
In 2019, millions of workers aged 16 and older in the United States received hourly wages, a percentage of all employees. Of those who receive an hourly wage, 392,000 workers received the exact current federal minimum wage of dollars per hour. About a million people had wages below the state minimum wage.
What jobs pay more than minimum wage?
The type of work most likely to pay more than minimum wage often requires experience, whether it's working with clients for several years or more than seven years in a particular industry.
What is the annual minimum wage for the US?
As a result, nearly 90% of minimum wage workers earn more than US dollars. The national minimum wage (average minimum wage for an employee) as of May 2019 is USD. This is the highest value since 1994, when data on the effective minimum wage was available for the first year: 1.
How much is the average salary for US workers?
This means that the median annual salary for U.S. workers in mid-2020 was approximately $52,104 ($1002 x 52 weeks per year). BLS data for the second quarter of 2019 shows that US median sales are up about 9% year-over-year. The kind of job you want.
How to become an electrician in Massachusetts?
- Complete the required number of hours of classroom training and hands-on experience to become an apprentice.
- Pass the test required to obtain an electrician's license.
- Pass the exam required to become an electrician in Massachusetts.
- Consider starting an energy outsourcing business in Massachusetts.
How much does an union electrician make?
How much does a Union electrician make in the US per hour? The median hourly wage for a Union electrician in the United States is $29 as of April 27, 2021, but the salary range is typically $26, and the rate in USD can vary based on many important factors, including education, certifications, the difference. in general, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession.
The minimum wage in the United States is governed by labor laws and a number of state and local laws. The first federal minimum wage was established under the National Industrial Restoration Act of 1933, passed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt but declared unconstitutional.
What are arguments against minimum wage?
Another argument against the minimum wage is that it contributes to inflation. Here's how it works: If a manufacturer is suddenly forced to pay its workers a dollar an hour instead of a dollar an hour, he has to raise the price of his product to offset the cost.
What states have minimum wage laws?
- Alabama. There is no national law on the minimum wage.
- Alaska. Minimum Policy (Per Hour): 10 to 40 hours per week can be performed on a voluntary flexible work schedule approved by the Alaska Department of Labor.
Which states have the lowest minimum wage?
A: Georgia and Wyoming have the lowest minimum wage requirements in the state as of January 2015, according to the Department of Labor.
What is the point of raising minimum wage?
The reason for raising the minimum wage is that on the surface it seems like a good idea and is supported by people who don't understand the basics of economics. Widespread support for minimum wage policies is pushing politicians to run for elections.
What is the average hourly wage for an electrician in ct
Wyoming is outpacing the national average and New York is reinforcing that trend, with $9,535 above $49,937. It should be noted that New York has a very active job market for electricians as several companies are currently hiring people for these types of positions.
How much does a mid-career electrician make?
A mid-career electrician with 59 years of experience earns an average of $2,747 in salary. A qualified electrician with 1,019 years of service earns an average of $3,624 in salary.
Are electricians happy with their salary and job satisfaction?
According to 1,598 responses, the electrical trade scored a 5 for job satisfaction. On average, electricians are very satisfied with their work. This data is based on 3,821 survey responses.
How long does it take to get an electrician's license?
These licenses usually require four years of study. This time includes classroom instruction and most of the actual fieldwork. Some states and federal companies may require a general electrician's license, which requires several years of learning experience.
Minimum hourly wage
The national minimum wage applies to workers who are not covered by insurance or registered contract. This is the minimum wage under the Fair Labor Act of 2009 and is reviewed annually. As of July 1, 2021, the national minimum wage is one dollar per hour or week.
Who actually earns the minimum wage?
- Most minimum wage workers are young.
- Most minimum wage workers work in restaurants.
- Most minimum wage workers have never attended university.
- After all, part-time workers are expected to be five times more likely to receive minimum wage than full-time workers.
Why should they not raise the minimum wage?
Read this article to see 4 reasons why countries should NOT raise the minimum wage. 1. The increase in the minimum wage is fraught with inflation and hurts the middle class. If the minimum wage were raised, employers would have to pay more money to pay their employees. The employer therefore passes on these additional costs to the consumer.
What states have minimum wage?
Minimum wage by state in the United States. A network of federal, state and local laws has set minimum wages for the United States, and Washington and Massachusetts have the highest minimum wages in the country.
How much should you pay for an electrician in california
According to BLS data as of May 2020, the median annual salary in California for electricians was $75,900. According to BLS data as of May 2020, California has the highest employment rate of electricians in the state, with 71,010 employees in the state.
How much do Union electricians make?
These charts show the average base salary (base salary) and the average total cash salary for a Union electrician job in the United States. The Union Electrician base salary ranges from $54,626 to $68,949, with an average base salary of $61,238.
How much should you pay for an electrician in ireland
Salaries for electricians in Ireland range from €10,700 per year (minimum wage) to €29,900 per year (maximum wage). Average salary The average salary is 18,200 euros per year, which means that half (50%) of the people who work as electricians earn less than 18,200 euros and the other half more than 18,200 euros.
What is the average hourly pay for an electrician in Ireland?
The average hourly pay for an electrician in Ireland is €.
How much do emergency electricians charge in the UK?
Emergency electricians can charge twice as much as a normal reserve of around £80 per hour.
What is the salary of an electrician in France?
An experienced electrician with 1,019 years of service earns an average of €348 in salary. At the end of their career (from the age of 20), employees receive an average of 20 euros.
What is the pay by experience level for electricians?
What are electrician salaries based on experience? An electrician who started his career with 14 years of experience earns an average of £9 in total compensation (including tips, bonuses and overtime) on 9 wages. A mid-career electrician with 59 years of experience earns an average aggregate salary of £8 salaries.
How much do electricians typically charge per hour?
What tasks can an electrician perform? How much does an electrician cost? Electricians bill their services by the hour and can range from $80 to $130 per hour. These prices are based on the complexity of the job, the amount of work required, and the type of repair or installation work.
How much do you earn as an electrician?
BLS reports that in May 2019, electricians earned an average of $56,180 per year, while top traders (top 10%) earned an average of $96,580 (U.S. dollars).
The requirements to accept a qualified electrician are a high school diploma or equivalent qualifications and a life of 18 years. Training The electrical training consists of a minimum of 144 lessons per year. Students learn about special systems such as fire alarms, elevators, and communications.
What are the first steps to becoming an electrician?
- Obtain a high school diploma or equivalent.
- Get an internship.
- Prepare for the exam.
- Get a permit or certification in your state and/or municipality (if applicable). After passing the exam you will receive a certificate of electrician.
- Stand out with a professional certificate.
What training does an electrician need?
Electricians often receive professional training through vocational training. Some electricians begin their training by going through vocational training or as an electrician's assistant. However, these electricians usually do internships.
How do I become a certified electrician?
Basically, to become an electrician, you must complete a four-year degree. Electricians can apply for certification after completing a training program, and most states require electricians to pass a certification exam.
How long does it take to get electrician training?
In general, this process generally takes 5 years of training and requires a minimum of 1 year of work with a licensed electrician to become a licensed electrician.
Journeyman electrician pay scale
While ZipRecruiter estimates an annual salary of $86,000 to $31,000, most electric learner salaries currently range between $47,000 (25th percentile) and $64,500 (75th percentile), with the highest earning (90th percentile). percentile) 76,500 percent per year in the United States.
Plumber pay scale
Since the average includes both the highest and lowest numbers, this range gives them an idea of the breadth of the plumber's pay scale, from the lowest plumber job to the lowest paid. In the United States, the average salary range for plumbers ranges from $ per hour to $.
What is the average hourly rate for a plumber?
Depending on where you live and the level 1 experience of the plumber you hire, the hourly rate for a plumber ranges from $45 to $200 per hour, with an average price for common projects such as bathroom renovations of $120. Updated: Feb. 13 2020 What's New?
How much do plumbers make?
How much does a plumber make? In 2019, plumbers received an average salary of $55,160. The highest paid 25% made $73,380 that year and the lowest 25% made $41,230.
What is the average salary for plumbing jobs?
With an average salary of about $50,000 a year (and plenty of other jobs), this shows that plumbing is a well-paid profession. Obviously the plumbing industry is strong and now is a great time to start a career as a plumber or plumbing company.
How much do plumber jobs pay per month?
In June 2021, the median monthly salary for a plumber in the United States was $4,220 per month. While ZipRecruiter sees monthly salaries ranging from $6,500 to $1,917, most plumbing salaries in the US currently range from $3,375 (25th percentile) to $4,833 (75th percentile).
Union electrician pay scale
The median salary range for a Union electrician varies widely (up to $24,669), suggesting that there could be many career and promotion opportunities based on your skill level, location, and years of experience.
The average salary for an HVAC technician is $ per hour. CVC employees have years of experience, knowledge, business functions and even the cost of living. With this in mind, below is the average salary data:
What is the average salary for HVAC?
An HVAC installer earns an average of $51,420 per year. The lowest 10% earned $30,610 and the highest 10% earned $77,920. * Based on information from the BLS Salary Report for May 2019. The highest-paid state in this area is the District of Columbia, with an average salary of $71,940.
How much does a HVAC make in the United States?
How much does CVC make in the US? The median salary for an HVAC specialist in the United States is $45,883. Salary estimates are based on 81 salaries reported anonymously to Glassdoor by US HVAC employees.
How much money does HVAC technician earn?
According to BLS, as of May 2019, the median salary for HVAC technicians was $48,730 per year if hired, or dollars per hour if they worked part-time. In addition, the employment outlook in this sector is projected to increase by 13% by 2028, which the government agency estimates will be much faster than average.
Is HVAC in high demand?
HVAC technicians are in high demand. You will learn how to install and troubleshoot a variety of heating and cooling equipment, including heat pumps, ovens, air conditioners, refrigerators, and other systems. You work with electricity, engines, fuel lines, ventilation openings, fans and pumps, but also with complex electronic devices.
Electrician pay scale
Since the median hourly wage includes both the lowest and highest wages, the pay scale gives you an idea of the breadth of the pay scale. In the US, the average hourly wage for an electrician ranges from $ per hour to $ per hour.
The plumber is a stable profession with a good average salary of $ per hour. Here you will find everything you need to know to become a plumber. Learn more about why plumbers are paid and the job market. How much do plumbers earn per hour? Plumbers receive different annual salaries based on their location.
What is the hourly rate for plumbing?
The average hourly wage for a plumber is in line with Bureau of Labor Statistics data for 2013. The rate varies widely by geographic region and the type of work performed.