In ancient Egypt, jobs were inherited. Farmers have divided their programs into 3 seasons: high season, growing season and fall season. High water season: every spring the wild snow melted on the mountain. The Nile would be flooded.
The Egyptian peasants divided the year into three seasons according to the cycles of the Nile:
- Akhet flood (June September): flood season. At that time there was no agriculture because all the fields were under water.
- Peret (October-February): the growing season.
- Shemu (March-May): autumn season.
The ancient Egyptian calendar was divided into 12 months of 30 days each and included 3 seasons which correspond to parts of the agricultural cycle. The first season, Flooding Season, was called Akhet, which means flood. It was the time of year when the Nile overflowed.
- The population of ancient Egypt was probably about one million people, 95% of whom were farmers.
It is from mid-October to June when the crops are thriving and in need of transformation.
This was made possible by the ingenuity of the Egyptians when they developed the irrigation of the ponds. Their farming methods have enabled them to grow food crops, particularly cereals such as wheat and barley, and industrial crops such as flax and papyrus.
Shaduf was important to the ancient Egyptians because it helped irrigate crops. The Nile was flooded every June, but the Egyptians also had to survive for the rest of the year. So they created Shaduf to complement the radiation channels they had built for the annual flood.
Today the river is still a source of irrigation and an important transport and trade route. the art and science of working the land to cultivate (agriculture) or raise livestock (agriculture).
The ancient Egyptians only used a lunar calendar until they adopted their own solar calendar. The lunar calendar was then used for their religious festivals and rituals, but in their daily life the ancient Egyptians used a solar calendar that included 365 days a year.
The Ancient Egyptian Calendar A civil calendar was a solar calendar with a 365-day year. The year consisted of three seasons of 120 days each, plus a leap month of five epagomenal days, which were considered outside the year. Each season is divided into four 30-day months.
The Egyptian civil calendar was created around 46 BC. Chr. Modified. modified by Julius Caesar. with the addition of a leap year which occurs every four years and the revised system which forms the basis of the Western calendar which was still in use in modern times.
Throughout Egypt the days are generally hot or humid and the nights cool. Egypt has only two seasons: a mild winter from November to April and a warm summer from May to October. The only differences between the seasons are variations in daytime temperatures and variations in prevailing winds.
This area became known as the Black Earth. Farther from the river was Terra Rossa, an inhospitable desert area.
The Nile overflows between June and September each year, during what the Egyptians called the painful flood.
The poor Egyptians did not eat much meat, but they ate poultry and fish. The ancient Egyptians grew and ate a wide variety of vegetables, including onions, leeks, garlic, beans, lettuce, lentils, cabbage, radishes, and beets.
Craftsman. Egyptian society was made up of four classes: pharaoh, upper class (nobility and priests), middle class (artisans) and lower class (peasants, shepherds and unskilled workers). Most are unskilled workers in ancient Egypt, where the pharaoh reigned.
Ancient Egypt was a complex society where people had to perform many different tasks and jobs. Some of the jobs they had: Most of the farmers were farmers. They grew barley for bears, wheat for bread, vegetables such as onions and cucumbers, and flax for flax.
The ancient Egyptians loved garlic. They also ate green vegetables, lentils, figs, dates, onions, fish, birds, eggs, cheese and butter. Their staple foods were bread and beer.
Agricultural practices began in the delta region of northern Egypt and in the fertile river basin known as Fayum during the Egyptian pre-dynastic period (circa 6000 to 3150 BC), but there are already signs of agricultural use and overuse of land from 8000 BC
The daily life of a peasant in ancient Egypt. The peasants lived in brick houses. The windows were built tall to provide privacy and help dissipate heat. The floors were clay.