What is Democracy?
The term democracy is derived from Greek which is demos means people and keratin mean to govern, to rule. Government is generally stated as the government of the people. Democracy is also termed as the government of the majority. In a democracy, the people have the right to vote for the representative of their own choice. Democracy is a system in which power is vested in the people and exercised by them freely. In a democracy, the supreme power is the people.
According to Abraham Lincoln, “Democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people”.
Fundamental elements of state under democratic Principles:
One of the most important pillars of democracy is an election. In elections, people who have attained the age of majority vote their representative by using democratic right. This does not mean that any state in which election is held is termed democratic. There are similarly many government forms in which elections are held. In democratic elections, every citizen has a right to vote for his respective candidate no matter from which party they belong. In a democracy, the people have the right to vote or not to vote. Every citizen has the right to vote irrespective of their caste, religion.
2: The Rule of Law:
Under a democratic system, the law is supreme. Everyone in the democratic system is bounded by the law. No one is above the law under a democratic system irrespective of their position, caste, etc. Rule of law is founded on the respect of law and constitution. The rule of law holds the state accountable for its actions in from of citizens. The law under a democratic system is above all. The independence of the judiciary is an important point of the rule of law. Another fundamental point of rule of law is the security right which means that actions of the state must be measurable. Individuals must be aware of the actions of the state and their rights to do and what is forbidden for them to not do.
3: Distribution of powers:
In a democratic system, powers are distributed among different organs of the state. In a democratic system, there is the separation of powers to function properly. In a democratic system, the powers must be distributed among the different organs of the state.
In a democratic system, parliament is vested with the power of legislation. Parliament is supreme under democratic governments. Parliament makes laws that are in the best interest of the people. Members of parliament are elected by the people for a specific term by using their democratic right of vote. The members of parliament are responsible to the people and law of the state for their actions under a democratic system. The parliament consists of the government party and the opposition party which is the beauty of democracy.
5: The Government and Opposition:
In a democratic system, there is always a government and in parallel an opposition. The opposition holds on to the government. The presence of opposition is very necessary to exchange points of view on a certain affair in the best interest of the citizens of that nation. The opposition exercises pressure on the government. It criticizes the actions of the government and tries to introduce its program. Under a democratic system, the opposition must be vested with democratic rights. The majority party should not introduce such actions that can give a disadvantage to the opposition. In a democracy, the opposition has the right to criticize the government. A fair game between the government and opposition is possible only when both respect the fundamental principles of democracy.
6: Freedom of Media:
As we all know that media plays an important role in the development of a nation. Under a democratic system, there remains freedom of media. In a democracy, the media has the right to criticize the government on their actions and the media has complete freedom of speech within their limitations on a certain issue.
7: Public opinion:
Public opinion is of prime importance in a democracy. As democracy means the government of the people so in this regard public has the right to present their opinion. They have complete freedom of speech and may criticize the government on certain issues without any restrictions. Public opinion is the tool that controls the politicians that leads the government.
8: Fundamental Rights:
Basic human rights are of prime importance under a democratic system. The development of basic human rights is only possible when there is a democratic system in a country.
Frequently Asked Questions:
1: What is democracy in simple words?
Democracy is a name that is used for different forms of government. In a democracy, the people have the right to choose their leaders according to their choices. These leaders then make decisions in the best interests of their people.
2: What is the real meaning of democracy?
The real meaning of democracy is derived from two Greek words such as ‘Demos’ which means citizens that lived in a particular city-state and 'Kratos which means power.
3: How is the government chosen in a democracy?
The government is chosen by the people through elections. In a democracy, people choose their leaders through voting and the leaders who got the majority to form the government.
4: What are the seven principles of democracy?
Federalism, checks and balances, limited government, individual rights, republicanism, popular sovereignty, and separation of powers are the seven principles of democracy.
5: Who is the Father of Democracy?
Cleisthenes of Athens is regarded as the father of Athenian Democracy.