Define ethnography

Define ethnography

What do you mean by the term "ethnography"? Ethnography is a special type of written observational science that communicates about a particular culture, society, or community. Field work generally involves spending a year or more with another company, living with the locals and learning about their lifestyle.

What is ethnography used for?

Ethnography is a set of high-quality social science methods that focus on observing social practices and interactions. The goal is to observe the situation without imposing any structure or deductive basis on it, and to see everything as strange or unique.

Is ethnography qualitative or quantitative?

According to the BMJ, ethnography is a qualitative study of social interactions, behavior and perceptions that occur in groups, teams, organizations and communities. (Qualitative means thoughts, feelings and observations, not cold numbers.

What does ethnographic mean?

Definition of Ethnography. : a systematic study and registration of human cultures, and: the descriptive work that has emerged as a result of this study.

What makes something ethnographic?

Etymologically, ethnography arises from ethnography. According to the Greek origin, ethnography is the writing of people, society, culture: ethnos means "people / city" and grafo means "writing". In its nominal form, ethnography is no longer associated only with writing.

What are some risks of Ethnography?

List of Disadvantages of Ethnography. Selecting a representative sample can be difficult. Since ethnography is based on qualitative research, it can be difficult for a researcher to select a sample to study. It takes a long time. One of the main drawbacks of ethnography is that it is very time consuming. It depends on the attitude of the ethnographer towards his subjects.

What will they have ethnography do?

Ethnography is important because it helps support real technological development. Through ethnography, they can discover what societies have in common and where they diverge to better understand human capabilities. Understanding this, in turn, can help them better understand why technology is important.

:brown_circle: What is the meaning of the word ethnography?

Revised January 6, 2021 Ethnography is a type of qualitative research where you immerse yourself in a specific community or organization to closely observe their behavior and interactions. The word "ethnography" also describes a written research report that is then created by an ethnographer.

Is the study of ethnography based on fieldwork?

Modern ethnography is almost entirely field-oriented and requires the anthropologist to fully immerse himself in the culture and everyday life of the people who are the subject of his research. There was some confusion about the terms ethnography and ethnology.

What does it mean to collaborate in ethnography?

Working together literally means working together, especially in an intellectual enterprise. While collaboration is fundamental to ethnographic practice, more conscious and explicit collaborative ethnography requires a shift in collaborative practice at all stages of the ethnographic process, from fieldwork to writing and vice versa.

Which is the best example of ethnography research?

This investigation can sometimes take years. For example, Colin M. Turnbull lived with the Mbuti for three years to write the classic Forest People ethnography. Ethnography is a common focus today in various areas of the social sciences, not just anthropology.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What is meant by ethnographic research?

The word "ethnography" literally means the study of peoples and cultures. In this way, ethnographic research helps you to study people in their natural habitat and thus discover the real application of your own product or the improvements / innovations that can be made to the product for people.

What are the types of ethnographic research?

There are different forms of ethnography: confessional ethnography, life history, feminist ethnography, etc. Two popular forms of ethnography are realistic ethnography and critical ethnography. (Qualitative Research and Research Plan, 93) Realistic ethnography is the traditional approach of cultural anthropologists.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What are some examples of Ethnography?

Some examples of ethnography include traditional anthropological texts, as well as ongoing marketing and user experience work, such as:

What is ethnographic research and how is it conducted online?

Cyber ​​ethnography, also known as virtual ethnography and more commonly online ethnography, is an online research method that adapts ethnographic methods to the study of communities and cultures created through social interaction.

What is ethnography used for in nursing

Ethnography can make an important contribution to the study of nursing practice, as observation at its core provides access to aspects of practice that are not directly visible with other search methods.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: When was the use of ethnography first used?

Ethnography has been used since the early twentieth century, when the use of observation for data collection was introduced (de Laine 1997). These observations, recorded as field notes, remain the main source of data for ethnographic research (Robinson 2013).

How is background observation used in ethnographic research?

Background observation is mentioned in most ethnographic textbooks, but the details of how it is done and the practicalities to consider in ethnographic nursing research are not always self-explanatory. This article examines the experiences and challenges of an aspiring nurse researcher who used observation to collect data.

Are there any problems with the ethnographic method?

The ethnographic method complicates the determination of reliability because the data collection methods are highly individualistic and involve a complex mix of observations, structured and unstructured interviews and other procedures.

:brown_circle: What is ethnography used for in statistics

Ethnography is a qualitative research method that originates from anthropology, but is also applicable to other disciplines. Ethnography is an in-depth study of culture or its appearance. Therefore, ethnographic research is often very different from other research models.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Which is the oldest method of ethnographic research?

Naturalism is the oldest method of ethnographic research, which can establish a connection between the ethnographer and the variables under study. When using this method, the researcher should ensure that the subject's intervention is kept to the bare minimum in order to achieve the most objective research results.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What is the difference between ethnography and anthropology?

Ethnography is a qualitative research method that originates from anthropology, but is also applicable to other disciplines. Ethnography is an in-depth study of culture or its appearance.

:brown_circle: Are there any disadvantages to doing ethnographic research?

Disadvantages of Ethnography. One of the main drawbacks of ethnographic research is the time it takes to conduct it. As discussed above, ethnographic research doesn't always take long, but this consideration still holds.

What is ethnography used for in education

Ethnography is considered a qualitative research method. The aim of qualitative research is to deepen knowledge about a topic. For example, an ethnographer collects information about the daily experiences of a group of people, including rituals, celebrations, and social interactions.

How is ethnography a qualitative research method?

Ethnography is the central method of exploring the world from the point of view of its social relations. It is a qualitative research method based on the diversity of cultures at home (wherever you are) and abroad. Ethnography involves hands-on learning on the spot and is relevant wherever people are.

Is ethnography a descriptive research method?

Ethnography, the descriptive study of a particular human society or the process of conducting such research. Modern ethnography is almost entirely field-oriented and requires the anthropologist to fully immerse himself in the culture and everyday life of the people who are the subject of his research.

Is ethnographic research qualitative or quantitave?

Ethnography is a type of qualitative research that combines observations, interviews, and documentary evidence to produce detailed and comprehensive accounts of various social phenomena.

How to decide between qualitative and quantitative research?

Choosing between qualitative and quantitative research The essence of truth research should be aimed at revealing the truth, but what exactly is the truth? It often depends on how you view things in the chart below. Paradigms and research framework. Advantages of quantitative research. Limits of quantitative research. Qualitative research and the interpretative research paradigm.

What are the five qualitative approaches?

The Qualitative Five Approach is a qualitative research design methodology that focuses on methods from the five core traditions of qualitative research: biography, ethnography, phenomenology, grounded theory, and case studies.

Is focus group qualitative or quantitative?

A focus group is qualitative research because it asks participants for open responses that convey thoughts or feelings. Another important type of research is quantitative research. This is a more data-driven study that uses surveys or questionnaires to display statistics or numerical percentages.

:brown_circle: What are the similarities between qualitative and quantitative?

The similarity between qualitative and quantitative research is that the underlying data is ultimately qualitative. Even if the numbers are not distorted, the researcher has to pick some numbers and ignore others.

:brown_circle: Which is better qualitative or quantitative?

Therefore, qualitative research is better than quantitative research because it highlights the subject itself, examines it in depth and correlates with it on a personal level.

:brown_circle: What is the difference between qualitative and quantitative analysis?

Quantitative analysis generally leaves random and rare events in the research results while qualitative analysis takes this into account. Quantitative analysis generally refers to measurable quantities such as weight, longitude, temperature, speed, latitude, and many others.

What exactly is qualitative and quantitative data?

Qualitative data is a type of data that consists of descriptive statements. On the other hand, quantitative data is a type of data that can be measured and expressed numerically. Qualitative data is text based and quantitative data is numbers based.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What is the difference between qualitative and quantitative data analysis?

A research approach to qualitative data is subjective and holistic while quantitative data requires an objective and focused approach. If the data type is qualitative, the analysis is not statistical. Unlike quantitative data, which use statistical analysis.

How do you quantify the qualitative data?

  • Organize your data. First, the researcher must organize the data.
  • Read and code. The next step is to carefully read all the data and create a category system to systematically categorize all the data.
  • Presentation and interpretation of data.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What is an example of a qualitative data?

Qualitative data is information obtained from descriptive research, not numbers. Therefore, these data are not measurable, but illustrative. An example of this is gender (male or female), sexuality (heterosexual, homosexual), race (Caucasian, Asian, African).

Can qualitative data can be measured quantitatively?

Qualitative data is data that can be observed, but cannot be measured. Quantitative data is represented by numbers, numerical values, and units of measure.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What's the difference between discrete and continuous variables?

Discrete variables are counters (the number of objects in the collection). Continuous variables are measurable quantities (volume or weight of water). What is the difference between method and methodology?

Can a discrete random variable have an infinite number of values?

Usually, when it is a discrete random variable, it is a finite number of values. But it doesn't have to be a finite number of values. In fact, you can have a potentially infinite number of values, which can take as long as the values ​​can be read.

:brown_circle: Is the number of people in a house always a discrete variable?

While theoretically an infinite number of people can live in a house, the number will always be a separate value that cannot be obtained from the person living in the house. While discrete variables are always fixed, this does not necessarily mean that they are always integers.

Why is a continuous variable called a categorical variable?

Also known as a categorical variable because it has different and invisible categories. However, no value can exist between the two categories, it does not reach all values ​​within the variable. Therefore, the number of allowed values ​​it can take is finite or countably infinite.

How to best approach qualitative research?

  • Ethnographic research. The ethnographic approach is based on anthropology, where all culture is explored by a foreigner.
  • Field studies. Field research is also inspired by anthropology, but offers a broader approach to qualitative research because the researcher literally steps into the field.
  • Phenomenology.
  • An ingrained theory.

:brown_circle: What are the advantages and disadvantages of quantitative research?

Another advantage of quantitative research is that the research can be done on a large scale and yield much more information in terms of value and statistics. One of the disadvantages of quantitative research is that it is more expensive than qualitative research.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What are the four importance of quantitative research?

The importance of quantitative research 1. Make connections between variables. Quantitative research is considered a traditional form of scientific research. 2. Collection of objective and reliable data. Quantitative research is a technique used to obtain reliable and accurate data.

:brown_circle: What are some examples of qualitative and quantitative data?

The main difference between qualitative and quantitative data is that qualitative data is descriptive and quantitative data is numerical. For example, qualitative data is gender, country, city, nationality, etc. while quantitative data is longitude, latitude, longitude, weight, area, speed, age, etc.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What does ethnographical mean in research

Ethnography is a type of qualitative research that involves diving into a specific community or organization to closely observe its behavior and interactions. The word "ethnography" also describes a written research report that is then created by an ethnographer.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What is the medical definition of Ethnography?

The medical definition of ethnography : the systematic study and recording of human cultures : the descriptive work that emerged from such research. Other words of ethnography.

How is ethnography used in social science field?

Ethnography is a common focus today in various areas of the social sciences, not just anthropology. It is used not only to study distant or unknown cultures, but also to study specific communities in the researcher's own society.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What does ethnographical mean in psychology

Ethnography examines cultural phenomena from the point of view of the subject. Ethnography is also a form of social research in which the behavior of participants in a particular social situation is studied and group members understand their own interpretation of this behavior.

What is an ethnographic description?

Definition of ethnography: also systematic study and registration of human cultures: descriptive work following this research: research on human races and cultures: also systematic study and registration of human cultures: descriptive work following this research.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What is ethnographic study?

Ethnography, the descriptive study of a particular human society or the process of conducting such research. Modern ethnography is almost entirely field-oriented and requires the anthropologist to fully immerse himself in the culture and everyday life of the people who are the subject of his research.

What is ethnographic fieldwork?

Ethnographic fieldwork is a type of anthropological research in which anthropologists immerse themselves in a specific society in order to better understand the people they study.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What does ethnographical mean in writing

The word "ethnography" also describes a written research report that is then created by an ethnographer. Ethnography is a flexible research method that allows you to gain a deeper understanding of the general culture, conventions and social dynamics of a group. However, this also raises practical and ethical problems.

What does ethnographical mean definition

An adjective or related to ethnography, a branch of anthropology concerned with the scientific description of individual cultures: Ethnographic evidence indicates that traveling to collect wild peppers were major social and economic endeavors of Apaches in the region.

:brown_circle: What does ethnographical mean in education

Your goal is typically to provide a holistic view of how a particular social group (e.g., a classroom) functions and achieve this through direct observation and interviews with key participants. Ethnographic research is now better known as qualitative research.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Which is the best definition of ethnographic research?

Definition. Ethnographic research is a study whose main purpose is to describe what is happening in a particular environment as well as the participants' perspectives on these events. This type of research generally focuses primarily on all events that take place in a particular setting (rather than on one or two types of events).

Why is ethnography important in early childhood education?

The relational, immersive, and long-lasting nature of ethnography provides a complete and detailed description of the complex interactions that take place, and the constant interaction with children, families, and teachers makes it possible to analyze emerging meanings together and observe connections.

What did Harry Wolcott mean by the term ethnography?

Educational ethnographer Harry Walcott described ethnography as "a way of looking and seeing" (Wolcott, 2008, p. 41), and the ethnographer as "a picture of the way of life of an interacting human group" (Wolcott, 1975, cited in Lübeck, 1985, p. 47).

:brown_circle: Define cultural relativism

Cultural relativism refers to the inability to judge a culture by its own standards of what is right or wrong, strange or normal. Instead, they should try to understand the cultural practices of other groups in their own cultural context.

What are the benefits of cultural relativism?

Benefits of Cultural Relativism. 1. The greatest advantage of the idea of ​​cultural relativism is the universal respect for the different cultures and countries of the world. Believing that a person knows what is right, and this is the only way to do it, isolates and discriminates against the representatives of different religions.

What does cultural relativity mean?

Cultural relativity. Name of sociology. the concept that cultural norms and values ​​derive their meaning from a specific social name called cultural ethnocentrism (challenge 2).

What are the limits of cultural relativism?

However, there are limits to cultural relativism. Human rights, freedom and justice are just a few examples of these restrictions. People learn to respect other cultures and traditions, but they must also be prepared to criticize when cultural practices or traditions violate human rights or justice.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Does cultural relativism have practical implications?

Cultural relativism, on a superficial level, can be seen as a practical consequence that helps them deal with these cultural differences. However, as explained above, cultural relativism goes one step further than the acceptance and tolerance of other cultures in terms of moral infallibility.

Define ethnography sociology

Ethnography is defined as a social science research method and as a written end product. Ethnographic observation as a method is deeply and permanently anchored in the research field to systematically document the daily life, behavior and interactions of a community of people.

Define participant observation

In collaborative observation, also called ethnographic research, the sociologist becomes part of the group studying to collect data and understand a phenomenon or social problem.

What does participant observation mean?

Definition of Participatory Observation. : research method in anthropology and sociology, characterized by the researcher's desire to invade a foreign culture or group and gain social recognition in it in order to gain a better global understanding of the internal structure of society.

What is the primary purpose of participant observation?

The purpose of co-observation is to gain a deep understanding and knowledge of a specific group of people, their values, beliefs and lifestyles.

What are different types of participant observation?

There are two types of co-surveillance: overt and covert. Open: It assumes that the researcher is open with the group he studies, the public knows he is being researched because whoever studies it informed him.

:brown_circle: Why do sociologists use participant observation?

In collaborative observation, also called ethnographic research, the sociologist effectively becomes part of the group studying to collect data and understand a social phenomenon or problem. During co-observation, the researcher simultaneously plays two different roles: the subjective participant and the objective observer.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Define ethnographic research

Ethnographic Research The study of culture through the in-depth study of a particular culture involves the systematic collection, description, and analysis of data to develop theories of cultural behavior.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What is ethnographic research?

Ethnographic research is a type of research that is a descriptive study of society and is widely used in cultural anthropology, although recent applications of ethnography are widespread in the social sciences, as well as architecture and industrial engineering. Ethnographic research includes the following elements:

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What is so bad about phenomenology?

What about phenomenology? Phenomenology, of course, has been attacked and discredited in various ways. It is sometimes argued that phenomenology is too passive and normalizing. Also of a kind.

Is phenomenology considered a science?

Phenomenology can also be seen as a method of human science: a deeply thought-out study of the human mind.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What is an example of a phenomenology?

A movement based on him, created around 1905 by Edmund Husserl. Phenomenology is the philosophical study of unusual people or events observed as they occur, without further study or explanation. An example of phenomenology is the study of the green ray, which sometimes occurs just after sunset or just before sunrise.

:brown_circle: What is the best description of phenomenology?

Phenomenology is the study of the structures of consciousness as perceived by the first person. The central structure of the experience is its intentionality, its orientation towards something, because it is an experience of an object or in relation to an object.

:brown_circle: Define ethnography in anthropology

Anthropology is an academic discipline whose intellectual concepts are based on empirical knowledge of the human world. Ethnography is a practice designed to transfer this knowledge according to certain methodological principles, the most important of which is the ethnographic work of participatory observation in the field.

define ethnography