Definition of Default judgment:
A default judgment occurs when the defendant in a legal case fails to respond to a court summons or does not appear in court. If this occurs, a court may rule in favor of the plaintiff by default. If damages were included in the complaint, the default judgment will take those into consideration unless proof of those damages is required.
Judgment awarded in a civil case in the favor of a plaintiff when a defendant fails to (1) file an acknowledgement of service, (2) make an appearance despite due notice, or (3) enter a defense. If a plaintiff does not comply with a court order (such as to permit discovery, or to supply the required documents) the defendant can apply for dismissal of the case. An interlocutory default judgment establishes a liability but not its amount, whereas a final default judgment establishes both. Also called default order.
While a defendant faced with a default judgment can seek to have the judgment vacated by demonstrating a valid excuse, not appearing in court, or ignoring a summons is generally considered to be a bad idea.
How to use Default judgment in a sentence?
- A default judgment is a ruling by a judge in favor of a plaintiff in the event that the defendant fails to show up in court.
- If the defendant can show that the court appearance was missed for valid reasons, the default judgment may be vacated.
- Default judgment criteria and rulings may work differently in different jurisdictions.
Meaning of Default judgment & Default judgment Definition