Constitution

Constitution,

Definition of Constitution:

  1. Basic and registered rules that govern the conduct of an organization or nation-state and define its concept, role, and structure. This document is usually short and general and contains the aspirations and values ​​of the author and the article. The oldest written national constitution (1787) is that of the United States.

Synonyms of Constitution

Assembly, Legislation, Fiber, Synthesis, Tenor, Realization, Piecing together, Combination, Allotment, Ilk, Organic structure, Getup, Character, System, Build, Turn, Stripe, Forging, Brand, Junction, Inception, Creation, Physique, Array, Shape, Enaction, Foundation, Hue, Syntax, Format, Disposal, Syneresis, Genius, Nature, Marshaling, Texture, Molding, Mind, Kind, Fashion, Fashioning, Written constitution, Manufacture, Conformation, Architecture, Tendency, Act, Suchness, Architectonics, Kidney, Passing, Formulation, Passage, Lawmaking, Setup, Collation, Habit, Production, Proclivity, Disposition, Dharma, Deployment, Mind-set, Bent, Preference, Institution, Sort, Apportionment, Placement, Quality, Assemblage, Legislature, Mixture, Ethos, Constituents, Building, Regimentation, Tone, Mold, Warp, Arrangement, Property, Establishment, Humor, Predilection, Bias, Set, Frame, Formation, Characteristic, Temperament, Type, Pattern, Order, Form, Ordering, Weave, Inauguration, Crasis, Construction, Design, Structure, Cast, Tectonics, Slant, Humors, Fabrication, Unwritten constitution, Making, Resolution, Spirit, Materialization, Streak, Propensity, Patterning, Mettle, Strain, Idiosyncrasy, Animus, Tissue, Inclination, Fabric, Composition, Leaning, Constitutional amendment, Compound, Twist, Stamp, Predisposition, Aptitude, Mental set, Vein, Concurrent resolution, Setting-up, Structuring, Way, Turn of mind, Make, Organism, Makeup, Body-build, Characteristics, Plan, Eccentricity, Buildup, Collocation, Somatotype, Web, Embodiment, Organization, Installation, Diathesis, Putting together, Incorporation, Effectuation, Complexion, Constitutional guarantees, Individualism, Temper, Allocation, Anatomy, Joint resolution, Bill of Rights, Arraying, Distribution, Warp and woof, Grain, Shaping, Enactment

How to use Constitution in a sentence?

  1. When our forefathers wrote zoning, they created an amazing new governmental experiment that articulated the equality of all people and allowed flexibility to change over time.
  2. There are many rules and regulations for any society, but none of them can eliminate the principles that are clearly laid down in the country's constitution.
  3. Constituencies can be useful for organizations of any size, such as: for example, for community groups that can organize their meetings in accordance with Roberts' Rules of Order.

Meaning of Constitution & Constitution Definition

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Constitution is one of the most essential pillars for running a country along with its people, government, and judicial bodies. Constitution serves as the backbone in the development of a nation. The constitution is very necessary for the rule of law and jurisdiction and without a constitution, it will fall apart in no time. A constitution is the body of fundamental rules and principles through which the country and its people run. A constitution makes up the organization of legal bodies of any nation. The principles and rules that are established and wrote down in single placemaking and all the things are one single crafted manuscript. Every country has its constitution in its possession and all the constitutions around the whole world are unique and share the same objective. The main objective of the constitution is to ensure that there remains stability in a state. We all have questions in our minds that why the constitution is important? Let discuss it in detail.

What is a constitution?

The constitution is very important because which the government knows up to what extent they can impose rules and regulations on the citizens of the state. The constitution sets the limits and boundaries of government interaction and powers.

Working on a constitution?

The constitution acts as the backbone in the development of a nation. Sometimes a problem within a state arises due to the distribution of powers due to which many civil uproars and various other issues arise which paves the way for the social, political, and economic instability of a nation. Every constitution should concern about the distribution of powers. The constitution is a body of rules which acts in the development of a country for example, in the Pakistani constitution the power is distributed among three bodies that are parliament, the executive, and the judiciary. The parliament is the supreme body that makes legislation and is a law-making body. But the constitution has also imposed certain restrictions on the parliament and it cannot make any legislation against basic human rights. All the bills and amendments passed with the consent of parliament in the light of principles that are prescribed by the constitution. The executive implements the laws made by the parliament and the judiciary interprets the laws and makes judgments in the light of principles directed by the constitution. So from the above discussion, we can conclude that how the constitution works and its importance in running state affairs.

Classification of a Constitution:

The most fundamental classification of a constitution is codification or lack of codification. A codified constitution is a constitution that is in a single document and is a single source of constitutional law in a country. In contradiction, an uncodified constitution is not a single document and contains different sources that may be written or unwritten.

1: Codified Constitution:

Many states of the world have adopted a codified constitution. Those states that have codified constitutions give supremacy to the constitution over the statute law. Codified constitutions usually comprise a ceremonial preamble, which lays down the aims of the state and the incentive for the constitution, and several articles comprising the substantive provisions.

2: uncodified constitution:

Uncodified constitutions are the outcomes of evolution. In contradiction with the codified constitution, an uncodified constitution consists of both written and unwritten sources such as statutes law, and constitutional conventions. Countries that have uncodified constitutions are New Zealand and the United Kingdom.

3: Mixed Constitutions:

Some of the states in the world have mixed constitutions. Mixed constitutions are those that are partially codified and partially uncodified.

Importance of the Constitution:

The constitution is important because of the following reasons;

1 Basic structure of Government:

The constitution forms the basic structure of any government. It lays down certain rules and regulations through which a government and its citizens can be governed. The main organs of the government are the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary which are established by the constitution. These are the pillars of the stability of any nation and without them, there will be anarchy in the country. The constitution protects the sovereignty of a nation from international interactions.

2: Power distribution:

A constitution lays down the rules and regulations for the distribution of powers. Distribution of powers means that every institution has its specific powers under which they should govern. Every organ of the state shall know about its power under the restrictions of the constitution.

3: Apex body:

The constitution is the apex body of the state. It is superior to all the laws of the state. Any law in the country is passed down by the constitution itself and no one can speak upon the constitution otherwise as a nation they would fall.

4: Basic Rights:

Constitution provides for the basic rights of individuals of a nation so they can live with dignity. The constitution plays an important role in helping the citizens to avail all the basic rights. The basic rights are the right to freedom, right to health, right to education, etc.

5: Goals:

The constitution helps in achieving the goals that are in the mind of a nation to achieve. It provides a road map for the achievements of national goals such as democracy etc.

6: Constitution as symbol:

The constitution is an instrument that acts as the symbol of the rules of a political organization. These rules provide the base of the nation which in case of any disputes or international threats helps the nation to get through the hard phases.

7: Transfer of powers:

One of the importance of the constitution is that it controls the transfer of power during national emergencies.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

1. What are the main functions of the constitution?

• It ensures the basic rights of citizens.
• It helps the state in making legislation.
• It lays out the procedure for administration, legislation, execution of the government machinery.
• It evolves from the government in the country.
• It is responsible for dividing power between the federal government and states.

2. Which country has the longest constitution in the world?

The constitution of India is the longest in the world. It is written by Benegal Narsing Rau (Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly), B. R. Ambedkar (Chairman of the Drafting Committee), Surendra Nath Mukherjee (Chief Draftsman of the Constituent Assembly), and other members of the Constituent Assembly.

3. Which country has the shortest constitution?

The constitution of Monaco is the shortest written constitution in the world. It has 3,814words in its English-language version.

4. Why constitution is necessary?

Constitution is necessary because of,
• The constitution is an important law of the land.
• It is responsible for determining the relationship with the government.
• It gives rules and guidelines which are important for people belonging to different ethnic and religious groups to live in harmony.

5. How can someone change the constitution?

There are four ways of changing the constitution. These are:
• The method of basic legislation by congress.
• The step takes by the president.
• The main decision of the Supreme Court.
• The activity of political parties.

What is meant by Constitution? A constitution provides the foundation for governance in a country, which is crucial to ensuring that everyone’s interests and needs are addressed. It determines how laws are made and details the process by which the government rules

What is Constitution?

A constitution is a collection of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organization, or other entity types and commonly determine how that entity is to be governed.
constition

India’s constitution is the longest written constitution of any country in the world. With 146,386 words in its English-language version, Monaco’s constitution is the shortest written one with 3,814 words.

San Marino’s constitution might be the world’s oldest dynamic written constitution since many of its core documents have been working since 1662, while the U.S.U.S. Constitution is the previous dynamic systematized constitution. The archival life anticipate of a constitution since 1789 is around 19 years.

Derivation

The term constitution gets through French from the Latin word constitutio, used for regulations and orders, such as the imperial enactments (constitutiones principis: edicta, mandata, decreta, rescripta)

William Blackstone used the word for significant and egregious violations of public trust, a nature, and the extent that the transgression would justify a revolutionary response.

General Characteristics

Generally, every contemporary written constitution consults special powers on a corporation or institutional entity, set upon the fundamental condition that it observes by the constitution’s restrictions.

In the word of Scott Gordon, a political organization is constitutional to the extent that it “contain[s] institutionalized mechanisms of power control for the protection of the interests and liberties of the citizenry, including those that may be in the minority.”

History and development

Since 1789, along with the United States of America (after this U.S.U.S. Constitution), which is the oldest and shortest written constitution still in force, close to 800 constitutions have been adopted and subsequently amended worldwide by individualistic states.

At the beginning of the 19th century, Thomas Jefferson thought that duration of 20 years will be adequate time for any Constitution to still be in force since “the earth belongs to the living, and not to the expired.”

In fact, according to recent studies, the average life expectancy of any newly written constitution is around 19 years. However, many constitutions do not exceed ten years, and around 10% do not last more than one year.

The typical reasons for these continuous changes are the political impulse for an immediate outcome and the scarcity of time devoted to the constitutional drafting process.

The record for the shortest final process of blueprinting, adopting, and ratifying a national Constitution belongs to Romania’s 1938 Constitution, which installed a royal dictatorship in less than a month.

Democratic constitutions

Constitution of May 3, 1791 (written by Jan Matejko, 1891). Polish King Stanisław (left, in regal ermine-clipped cloak) goes in for St. John’s Cathedral, where Sejm deputies will swear to endorse the new constitution; in the framework, Warsaw’s Royal Castle, where the constitution has just been acquired.

What is sometimes known as the “enlightened constitution” model was made by philosophers of the Age of Enlightenment such as Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Jacques, and John Locke. The model suggested that constitutional governments should be stable, adaptable, accountable, open, and represent the people (i.e., support democracy).
constitution

Summary
constitution is the system of basic principles according to which a nation, state, corporation, or the like, is controlled. It is the document that personifies these principles.

Concept of designing a constitution

After tribal people first lived in cities and established nations, many functioned following unwritten customs, while some advanced autocratic, even despotic monarchs.

Many rules led some thinkers to take the situation that what mattered was not the design of governmental organization and operations as much as the personality of the rulers. That view can be seen in Plato, who is known for regulation by “philosopher-kings.”

After that, writers such as Aristotle, Cicero, and Plutarch, would examine designs for the government from a legal and historical standpoint.

Key features

  1. Most frequently, the term constitution refers to a set of rules and principles that define the essence and extent of government.

  2. Most constitutions seek to regulate the connection between state institutions, in a fundamental sense the relationship between the executive, legislature, and the judiciary, and the connection of conventions inside those branches.

  3. Executive branches can be divided into a head of government, government departments/ministries, executive agencies, and civil management.

  4. Most constitutions also define the relationship between discrete and the state and establish individual citizens’ broad rights. It is thus the most fundamental law of a territory from which all the other laws and rules are hierarchically derived; in some territories, it is called “Basic Law.”

Classification

A fundamental classification is a codification or lack of codification. A codified constitution is a single document, the single source of constitutional law in a state. An uncodified constitution is not contained in a single document, consisting of several sources, which may be written or unwritten; see constitutional convention.

Codified constitutions

Codified constitutions are often the result of some dramatic political change, such as insurrection. The process by which a country assumes a constitution is closed to the historical and political context driving this fundamental change.

Codified constitutions’ legitimacy (and often the longevity) have often been tied to the initially adopted process. Some intellectuals have pointed out that high constitutional turnover within a given country may be detrimental to the separation of powers and the rule of law.

States that have codified constitutions usually give the constitution supremacy over ordinary statute law. Suppose there is any quarrel between a legal resolution and the codified constitution. In that case, all or part of the resolution can be declared ultra vires by a court and beaten down as unconstitutional.

Uncodified Constitution

As of 2017, only two ruler states, New Zealand and the U.K., have completely uncodified constitutions. The fundamental Laws of Israel have since 1950 been deliberated to be the basis for a constitution, but as of 2017, it had not been composed. The various Laws are thought to have precedence over other laws and give the process by which they can be amended, typically by a simple majority of members of the Knesset (Parliament).

Uncodified constitutions result from an “evolution” of laws and conventions over centuries (such as in the Westminster Structure that originated in Britain). In reverse to codified constitutions, uncodified constitutions include both written inception – e.g., constitutional statutes enacted by the Parliament – and unwritten sources – constitutional conventions, observation of models, royal prerogatives, customs and traditions, such as holding general elections on Thursdays; together; these constitute British constitutional law.

Mixed constitutions

Some constitutions are primarily but not wholly codified. As in the Constitution of Australia, most of its fundamental political rules and regulations concerning the relationship between branches of government and concerning the government and the parts are codified in a single document, the Constitution of Australia’s Commonwealth.

However, the presence of an act with constitutional significance, namely the Statute of Westminster, as adopted by the Commonwealth in the act of Westminster Adoption Act 1942, and the Australia Act 1986 means that Australia’s Constitution is not contained in a single constitutional document.

Amendments of the constitution

A constitutional alteration is a modification of the constitution of a polity, organization, or another type of entity. Modifications are often interwoven into the relevant sections of a present constitution, directly change the text.

Conversely, they can be attached to the constitution as supplemental additions (codicils), thus altering the government’s frame without altering the document’s existing text.

Most constitutions essential that amendments cannot be enacted unless they have passed a particular procedure that is more stringent than that required of ordinary legislation.

Entrenched clauses

An entrenched clause of a fundamental law or constitution is a provision that makes certain amendments either more difficult or impossible to pass, making such amendments inadmissible.

Overriding an entrenched clause may need a supermajority, a referendum, or the consent of the minority party.

Constitutional rights, freedoms, and duties

Constitutions include various rights and duties. These include the following:
Right to dignity

  • Right to civil marriage
  • Right to petition
  • Right to academic freedom
  • Right to bear arms
  • Right to conscientious objection
  • Right to a fair trial
  • Right to personal development
  • Right to start a family
  • Right to information
  • Right to marriage
  • Right of revolution
  • Right to privacy
  • Right to protect one’s reputation
  • Right to renounce citizenship
  • Rights of children
  • Rights of debtors
  • Right to vote
  • Freedom of assembly
  • Freedom of association
  • Freedom of expression
  • Freedom of movement
  • Freedom of thought
  • Freedom of the press
  • Freedom of religion
  • Duty to pay taxes
  • Duty to serve in the military
  • Duty to work

Separation of powers

Constitutions normally explicitly divide power between various branches of government. The typical model, described by Baron de Montesquieu, involves three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. Some constitutions include some extra branches, such as an auricular branch. Constitutions vary considerably as to the degree of detachment of powers between these branches.

Summary
The Constitution established all national government and fundamental laws and guaranteed certain basic rights for its citizens. Under the first governing document, the Articles of Confederation, the national government was fragile, and states worked like independent countries.

Frequently asked questions

People usually ask many questions about Constitution. We discussed a few of them below:

What is the Constitution, and why is it important?

The Constitution provides the basis for governance in the country, which is important to ensure that the interests and needs of everyone are addressed. It determines how laws are made, and it describes the government.

How many Constitutions are there in Pakistan?

Scientifically, there are 26 amendments, but 23 amendments have been made to the constitution, and three have not been passed by parliament.

What is a constitution in simple terms?

The basic rules and laws of a nation, country, or community group determine the powers and functions of government and guarantee certain rights to the people in it. b: a written instrument containing the rules of a political or social organization.

What is a Constitutional person?

A broad definition of “constitutional identity” is the status of a person or legal entity with one or more constitutional rights. Constitutional rights are often protected by the actions of the state (or state).

What is the significance of the constitution?

The constitution is important because it makes sure that those who make decisions on behalf of the public represent the public’s views. It sets out the methods that can be used by those who exercise accountability to the people who work.

Conclusion
The majority of contemporary constitutions describe the basic principles of the state, the structures and processes of government, and the fundamental rights of citizens in a higher law that an ordinary legislative act cannot unilaterally change. This higher law is referred to as a constitution.