Cephalic Region

What Is Cephalic Region?

The main region or cephalic region is the head and skull. The forehead is called the frontal area. Eyes are referred to as the orbital or ocular area.

Cephalic Region Of The Body

According to clinical anatomy, the body has eight regions. To understand how these anatomical regions work, you need to learn about clinical anatomy.

The following terms describe the position of the body:

  • Reclining means that a person is lying on their back.

  • Tendency means that a person is lying face down.

  • The head is at the top of the body and visible from the front and back.

  • The neck starts under the head, ends at the chest and is visible from the front and back from under the head to the shoulders.

  • The back runs from immediately below the neck down to the area below the waist. It does not include the shoulders. It is visible from behind.
    The thorax begins immediately below the neck at the collarbone and ends along the base of the sternum. It is visible from the front.

  • The abdomen starts along the base of the chest and extends to the hips. It is visible from the front.

  • The upper region consists of shoulders, arms, elbows, wrists and hands

  • Lower region consists of buttocks, thighs, knees, legs, ankles and feet.

Words like up or down and behind or front are okay for some things, but for clinical anatomy you use words that are more specific to avoid confusion:

  • Superior: Closer to the top of the head. For example, the nose is better than the chin. Cephalic is similar, also means towards the head.
  • Subordinate: Closer to the feet. The chin is inferior to the nose. Caudal looks inferior, but it refers to the “tail”, or where the tail would be if people had them.
  • Front: Closer to the body. For example, the abdominal muscles are anterior to the spine. Ventral corresponds to the anterior one; it means towards the stomach.
  • Posterior: Closer to the back. The spine is posterior to the abdominal muscles. The term dorsal has a similar meaning as posterior.
  • Median: In the midline of the body. The nose is a median structure.
  • Medial: Closer to the body midline. The big toe is medial to the little toe.
  • Lateral: Further away from the center. For example, the little toe is lateral to the big toe.
  • Proximal: Closer to the trunk or closer to the starting point. The shoulder is proximal to the elbow.
  • Distal: Further away from the trunk or from the place of origin. The elbow is distal to the shoulder.
  • Superficial: Closer to the surface. For example, skin
  • Intermediate: Medium. The abdominal muscles are intermediate between the skin and the small intestine.
  • Deep: Further away from the surface. The abdominal muscles are deep in the skin.
  • Unilateral: On only one side of the body, such as the stomach and liver.
  • Bilateral: On both the left and right side of the body, such as the eyes, kidneys and arms and legs.
  • Ipsilateral: On the same side of the body. For example, the right ear and right eye are ipsilateral.
  • Contralateral: On opposite sides of the body. The right ear is contralateral to the left ear.

Anatomical Position

To further increase accuracy, anatomists unify the body’s approach. As the maps are usually oriented to the north, the usual “map” or anatomical position of the body is that of the body, which is upright, with the legs shoulder-width apart and parallel, the toes pointing forward. Using this normal position reduces confusion. No matter how the body described is oriented, the terms are used as if they were in an anatomical position. For example, a scar in the “anterior (anterior) carpal (wrist) region” would appear on the palm side of the wrist. The term “front” would also be used if the hand was palm down on the table. The supine body is described as prone or supine. Prone describes face-down orientation and landscape down orientation. These special terms are sometimes used to describe the position of the body.

Directional Terms

  • Anterior (or ventral) Describes the front or direction of the front of the body. The toes are anterior to the foot.
  • Posterior (or dorsal) Describes the back or the direction towards the back of the body. Popliteus is the back of the patella.
  • Superior (or cranial) correctly describes a position above or higher than another part of the body. The courses are better than oris.
  • Inferior (or caudal) describes a position below or lower than another part of the body correctly; near or towards the tail (in humans, the coccyx or the lower part of the spine). The pelvis is inferior to the abdomen.
  • Lateral describes the side or direction towards the side of the body. The thumb (pollex) is lateral to the digits.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. What is axial region of the body?

A. The axial region includes the main axis of the human body and it includes the head, neck, chest, and legs. The appendix region forms the parts of the human body that are associated with the axial region. This includes limbs and appendages.

Q. What are the main regions of the body?

  • Head and neck. Cephalic (head) Cervicalis (neck) Cranialis (skull) Frontal (forehead) Nose (nose)
  • Chest. Underarm (armpit) Rib (rib) Deltoid (shoulder) Breast (breast) Chest (chest)
  • Has. Abdominal gluteal (buttocks) Inguinal (lumbar) lumbar (lower back) pelvis (area between the hip bones).

Q. Which part of the body has the highest cranial branch?

A. The head is located on top of the body and is visible from the front and back. The neck begins below the head, ends at the chest, and is visible from the front and back of the head to the shoulder.