How do you calculate cash dividend? Dividend yield is generally expressed as a percentage. To find your cash dividend income, divide the total dollar dividend by the amount you paid for the stock and multiply it by 100 to convert it to a percentage.
What are cash dividends on a balance sheet?
- Dividends in cash or in kind reduce the company's assets and capital.
- Stock dividends only change the components of capital and do not affect the total capital balance.
- Dividends do not affect the company's net income for the year in the income statement.
Dividend payments are payments that a company makes to its shareholders. They allow companies to return their profits to shareholders after sufficient funds have been allocated for operating expenses and future development. This is a great way for investors to generate income from stocks without buying or selling them.
Does a cash dividend affect the balance sheet?
The cash dividend affects two parts of the balance sheet: cash and capital accounts. Investors will not find a separate balance sheet for dividends paid. However, after the dividend is declared and before the actual distribution is made, the company records the liability to its shareholders in the dividend account.
What is the formula for dividends?
This is the formula to calculate the dividend per share: DPS = Dividend Payment / Number of Shares. Dividends per share are recorded as recently paid dividends.
Are dividends to stockholders is an use of cash?
Dividends are generally paid in cash or additional shares, or a combination of both. When dividends are paid in cash, the company pays each shareholder a specific dollar amount based on how many shares they already own. Therefore, a company that pays a $1 dividend pays $1,000 to the shareholder who owns 1,000 shares.
Are dividends paid an asset?
Whether the dividends paid on the stock are considered assets depends on your role in the investment - the issuing company or the investor. For an equity investor, any dividend income is considered an asset. However, these dividends represent a liability of the company that issued the shares.
Can I receive shares instead of cash proceeds?
Can I get shares instead of receipts? Yes sir. If the rules of your business plan allow it, you can choose to receive issued shares in lieu of cash. Opportunities include the ability to electronically transfer shares to a broker or obtain a share certificate.
How do you calculate cash received from dividends per
To calculate the annual cash dividend, multiply the quarterly dividend by 4 to get the annual dollar dividend per share. Suppose you know the annual dividend per share and you want to calculate the income you will receive if you buy a certain number of shares. Simply multiply the annual cash dividend per share by the number of shares.
How do you calculate cash received from dividends in stock market
To find the dividend yield, divide the annual dividend paid by the stock price and multiply that value by 100 to get the percentage return. To calculate the amount of dividends you will receive, multiply the number of company shares you owned on the date of the dividend payment by the amount of the dividend.
How do you calculate cash received from dividends in balance sheet
Calculating dividend payments on a company's balance sheet is quite simple. All an investor needs is retained earnings for the past two years and net income for the current year. The formula is as follows: net profit of previous years + net profit of the current year Net profit of the current year = distribution of dividend on the balance sheet.
Cash received receipt form
A blank receipt for general use or a special function can be very important to the company using it and to the customer who receives the blank receipt. The receipt form can be adapted to the type of transaction being performed.
When would you use a cash receipt?
All of your company's customers need a receipt for their documents. You need a receipt to keep track of your sales and items sold. The receipt template makes it easy to create receipts for customers who pay for one or more items in cash.
How do I create a receipt form?
It's easy to make a receipt. Open an MS Excel spreadsheet, hover over the File tab and click New. Search for "Received" in the templates. Excel returns results showing some or all of the samples in the database.
How do I make a receipt template?
Create a secure receipt: Choose a software publisher. The first and perhaps most important thing to do before you start creating a sample check is to choose carefully where you want to make it. Select a receipt template. It doesn't take long to choose a receipt template, but there are several factors to consider when choosing. Change the design of your template.
Is a reciept proof of payment?
A receipt differs from an invoice in that the invoice requires payment for the products or services received while the receipt proves that the services or products have already been paid for. An invoice comes before payment, a receipt after payment.
Do dividends belong on balance sheet?
Cash dividends. The payment of dividends leads to a decrease in the company's retained earnings and cash on the balance sheet. This reduces the total balance. The income reserves are shown in equity on the balance sheet. However, when the company publishes its quarterly results on May 7, 2019.
How does a dividend recap affect balance sheet?
The payment of dividends leads to a decrease in the company's retained earnings and cash on the balance sheet. In other words, retained earnings and cash are reduced by the full amount of the dividend.
What financial statement do cash dividends go on?
Dividends declared and paid by the company are recognized as cash use in the financial section of the cash flow statement. Dividends are also shown in the statement of changes in equity. Dividends on ordinary shares are not recognized in the income statement because they are not an expense.
What is retained earnings on a balance sheet?
Retained earnings are realized gains (or losses in the case of a negative balance sheet) of the company that are not distributed to shareholders. The amount of retained earnings will vary based on the flow of money in and out of the business.
What are cash dividends on a balance sheet real estate
Cash dividends affect the cash and equity accounts on the balance sheet. The dividend account is used during the time that elapses between the declaration of the dividend and the actual distribution. Once the dividend is paid in cash, there are no more dividend accounts or separate dividend accounts on the balance sheet.
What are cash dividends on a balance sheet used
Companies pay dividends to reward shareholders for their investment. Dividends can be paid in the form of cash or additional shares, called stock dividends. Cash dividends affect the cash and equity on the balance sheet, and cash is deducted from the total dividend.
What does it mean to have a property dividend?
Land dividends are an alternative to cash or stock dividends. Land dividends can include shares in a subsidiary or tangible assets of the company, such as inventory, equipment or real estate.
How does a cash dividend affect the balance sheet?
Cash dividends primarily affect cash and stock accounts. There is no separate balance sheet for dividends after they have been paid. However, after the dividend is declared and before the actual distribution is made, the company records the liability to its shareholders in the dividend account.
How are dividends paid on a per share basis?
Dividends are generally paid based on the number of shares you own, also known as per share. Dividends must be approved by the company's board of directors. Land dividends are also known as in-kind dividends, meaning they are dividends that are not paid in cash.
How are dividends recorded in a real estate investment?
Dividends are recognized at the fair value of the asset delivered, although the shareholder can keep the asset through the option to obtain other long-term capital gains.
What are cash dividends on a balance sheet based
The payable dividend account appears on the balance sheet as a current liability. Cash dividends are cash payments of a company's profits to its shareholders. Consider the following example to illustrate cash dividend inflows.
What are cash dividends on a balance sheet called
A cash dividend is the amount a company pays a shareholder out of its profits or reserves, also known as retained earnings. Every quarter, companies store or accumulate their earnings in the form of retained earnings, which is essentially a savings account. Income reserves appear on the balance sheet in terms of equity.
How does a dividend work on a balance sheet?
On the payday, the company pays out the dividend due by direct debit and credits the corresponding outgoing cash flow to its cash account. Cash dividends do not affect the company's income statement. However, they reduce the company's capital and cash by the same amount.
How are cash dividends reported on the income statement?
The income statement is unaffected by the announcement and payment of cash dividends on common stock. (Cash dividends from preferred stock are deducted from net income to generate net income from common stock.) Cash dividends are included as a cash withdrawal in the fundraising section of the cash flow statement.
Which is the best definition of a cash dividend?
Cash dividends are payments that a company makes to its shareholders in the form of regular cash payments (as opposed to stock or other forms). Cash dividends are often paid regularly, such as monthly or quarterly, but sometimes they are one-time payments, such as after a deal.
What does it mean when a company declares a dividend?
Dividends, in cash or in stock, are rewards to investors for their investment in a company. While cash dividends reduce the overall balance of share capital, stock dividends represent a reallocation of a portion of the company's retained earnings to common stock and additional paid-up capital accounts.
What are cash dividends on a balance sheet look
Dividends can be paid in the form of cash or additional shares, called stock dividends. Cash dividends affect the cash and equity on the balance sheet, and cash is deducted from the total dividend.
What companies pay the highest dividends?
Telecommunications companies tend to pay high dividends, and Verizon almost always has the highest dividend yield on the Dow Jones. Verizon is the largest wireless carrier, but faces stiff competition from AT&T (T) in second place and smaller competitors Sprint (S) and TMobile (TMUS).
Are dividends paid monthly or annually?
While dividends are usually paid quarterly or annually, some stocks pay monthly dividends. Dividends provide regular income for investing shareholders, usually annually or quarterly. Some stocks, such as REITs, pay dividends more frequently, even monthly.
What happens when a dividend is paid?
When dividends are paid, several things can happen. The first is the evolution of the price of the title and various related elements. On a day with no dividend payment, the stock market on which the shares are traded adjusts lower by the amount of the dividends.
Do dividends really pay for stock
Dividends are paid per share: If you own 30 shares of a company and that company pays $2 in annual cash dividends, you'll get $60 a year. Dividends are generally paid on the company's common stock. A company can pay its shareholders different types of dividends.
Do all companies pay dividends to shareholders?
Thousands of publicly traded companies pay dividends to their shareholders, and some have a long history of increasing their dividends annually. Companies do not choose to pay dividends in a vacuum. There are many issues that need to be clarified before returning capital to dividend paying shareholders.
What does stocks pay special dividends?
Sometimes companies pay special dividends to share unexpected gains with investors, be it unexpected gains or gains from asset sales. However, other stocks will regularly use special dividends to supplement the modest regular dividends with income based on their operating performance.
Does Disney stock always pay dividend?
The Walt Disney Company has a long history of dividends, paying dividends every year for 1.4 decades. Disney's dividend has risen significantly over the past decade, especially from a dollar a share in 2010 to a dollar a share in 2019, more than fourfold.
Do dividends really pay for taxes
Dividend income is taxable, but will be taxed differently depending on whether the dividend qualifies. Investors generally find dividend stocks or mutual funds attractive because the return on investment (ROI) includes the dividend plus any increase in the market price.
How much tax do you have to pay on dividends?
Any dividend you collect is subject to federal taxes (20% for property taxes and taxes on Obamacare dividends) in addition to state and local taxes.
How much tax do I pay on my dividends?
How are dividends taxed? The first £2,000 of the dividend is tax deductible. Basic dividend rate for taxpayers (up to £37,500 on top of the personal allowance for tax years 2020/21). on dividend income between the tax limit (£37,501) and the mark-up limit (£150,000).
Are dividends taxed as ordinary income?
In general, dividends paid on common or preferred stock are common dividends unless otherwise stated. Ordinary dividends are taxed as ordinary income. Eligible dividends are dividends that are taxed as capital gains.
How to calculate taxes on ordinary dividends?
As your income rises, so does the tax on ordinary dividends. To calculate the tax due, multiply the regular dividend by the tax rate. For example, if your dividend income is $2,500 and you are in the 25% class, you owe $625 in federal taxes.
Do dividends really pay for selling
Financially, there are no commissions for the sale of dividends, while there may be commissions for the sale of shares (although many funds can now be sold with no transaction fees). After all, dividends can be more convenient.
How are dividends paid out in the stock market?
A dividend is the distribution of a portion of a company's profits among a class of its shareholders. Dividends are generally paid in the form of a dividend check. But they can also be paid with additional promotions.
Do you take the cash or reinvest your dividends?
The Basics When a stock or fund you own pays out a dividend, you can put money in your pocket and use it like any other income, or reinvest the dividend to buy more shares. While it's nice to have some cash on hand, reinvesting your dividends can really pay off in the long run.
How much do I have to pay in dividend on my taxes?
You pay 0% if you earn less than $39,375 per year, 15% if you earn between $39,375 and $434,550 per year, or 20% if you earn more than $434,550 per year. When filing your tax return, you can declare dividend income on Form 1040 on lines 3a and 3b. Dividend amounts to be declared can be found on your 1099DIV.
What's the alternative way to pay out dividends?
An alternative method of paying dividends is through additional shares. This practice is known as dividend reinvestment. It is typically offered by sole traders and mutual funds as a Dividend Reinvestment Plan (DRIP).
Do dividends really pay for closing
Closing the company's dividend account resets the balance to zero. Closing a dividend account makes it easier for a company to track the growth of dividends paid to shareholders from year to year, as explained on the Cliffs Notes website. Write the date of the last entry in the diary.
What happens when a company closes its dividend account?
Dividends are payments that a company makes to its shareholders. A company's dividend account is a temporary account that a company closes to prepare the ledger for the next accounting cycle, as explained on the Harper College website. Closing the company's dividend account resets the balance to zero.
When does a company have to pay a dividend?
In addition to fixed dividends, companies can only offer additional dividends if earnings exceed certain benchmarks. When a company decides to pay a dividend, it chooses a residual, stable or hybrid policy. The policies a company chooses can affect investors' income streams and the company's profitability.
What to do with excess cash after paying dividends?
According to proponents of this policy, options for returning excess cash to the company in the form of dividends include: participating in more projects, repurchasing company shares, acquiring new businesses and profitable assets, and reinvesting in financial assets.
Is there a right way to declare dividends?
Incorrectly disclosing and paying dividends can have serious consequences. There is a great way to declare and pay dividends. A mistake can have serious consequences, especially for customers close to the company, but possibly also for consultants, explains Philip McNeill. Dividends are not dividends if they are not properly declared.
Do dividends really pay for retirement
Dividend stocks can be an important source of income after retirement. You get a source of income, and when you have your dividend champions in your Roth account, you get a tax refund on your entry fee. You can model your assignable investment as an account with NewRetirement Planner, whether it is tax-efficient or not.
Should you use dividends as income replacement in retirement?
Dividends can be an important source of income during retirement. Reinvesting your dividend when you save for retirement, meaning using the dividend to buy more shares in dividend companies, can help you build a strong portfolio of dividend stocks.
What are the best investments for retirement income?
Best Investments for Retirees 1. GKO 2. Government Inflation Protected Bonds 3. Pension Funds 4. Municipal Bonds 5. Real Estate Investment Funds 6. High Dividend Stocks Final Thoughts.
What are five ways of investing for retirement?
Five types of investments that can help you prepare for a comfortable retirement are stocks, bonds, annuities, real estate or index funds.
Is it possible to live off dividends?
Over time, the cash flow generated from these dividend payments can increase your Social Security and retirement income, or possibly provide all the money you need to maintain your lifestyle until you retire. If you plan a little, you can live strictly off your dividends.
Do dividends really pay for bankruptcy
In the Chapter 13 plan, the proposed payment to unsecured creditors is sometimes expressed as a percentage of dividends, that is, the percentage of creditors that can make unsecured claims. The plan, which does not pay out to unsecured creditors, has a 0% dividend, while the paid plan offers a 100% dividend.
What's the difference between a dividend and a pay in full?
The plan, which does not pay out to unsecured creditors, has a 0% dividend, while the paid plan offers a 100% dividend. What is the final test according to chapter 13?
How does Chapter 13 bankruptcy work for creditors?
When a person files for Chapter 13 bankruptcy, they have chosen to voluntarily receive future income to pay off certain debts. In this type of bankruptcy, a plan approved by the court is used to determine which creditor pays what and how much the debtor pays.
Do dividends really pay money
Dividends are paid per share: If you own 30 shares of a company and that company pays $2 in annual cash dividends, you'll get $60 a year. Dividends are generally paid on the company's common stock. A company can pay its shareholders different types of dividends. Cash dividends.
What happens to the balance sheet when a dividend is paid?
When cash dividends are paid, the following events occur: Current liabilities (payments) decrease. Current assets (cash) will decrease.
How does retained earnings affect the balance sheet?
Retained earnings can be found in the Capital section. And the dividends to be paid are on the liability side of the balance sheet. The payment of dividend has no impact on the income statement. When this dividend is paid, current liabilities and current assets, especially cash, are also reduced and the following journal entry is made:.
How does a stock dividend affect net income?
This is because stocks and even cash dividends do not affect the company's results. Instead, they represent a portion of the company's earnings or the accumulated money that is returned to the company's shareholders as a reward for their investment.
Why are dividends not recorded on an income statement?
Cash or stock dividends paid to shareholders are not recognized as an expense in the company's income statement. This is because stocks and even cash dividends do not affect the company's results.
Does a cash dividend affect the balance sheet in order
There is no separate balance sheet for dividends after they have been paid. However, after the dividend is declared, but before the actual distribution, the company records the liabilities to shareholders in the dividend account. Cash dividends affect the cash and equity accounts on the balance sheet.
What happens to stock price when a dividend is paid?
Cash dividends can be paid by bank transfer or check. In the case of a cash dividend, the share price is reduced by the amount of the dividend. For example, if a company pays a 2% cash dividend, the stock price should drop by 2%. Large stock dividends of more than 20% or 25% can be seen as a stock split.
How are dividends reported on a financial statement?
Dividends paid are shown as current liabilities on the liabilities side of the balance sheet. However, in the case of dividend payments, part of the working capital decreases due to the outflow of resources.
Does a cash dividend affect the balance sheet mean
Cash dividends affect the cash and equity on the balance sheet, and cash is deducted from the total dividend. Dividends on shares do not affect the company's cash flow, but only the shareholding in the balance sheet.
How does a cash distribution affect the balance sheet?
Therefore, most small businesses create value by distributing the cash income to the owners. Distribution refers to both assets and inventories on the balance sheet.
How does a dividend affect the balance sheet?
These payments affect the company's balance sheet. When a cash dividend is paid, it reduces the amount of cash shown in the assets section of the balance sheet and the compensation for retained earnings in the equity section.
How does a cash dividend affect retained earnings?
As a result, cash and retained earnings will decrease by $250,000 and retained earnings will be $750,000. The ultimate impact of cash dividends on the company's balance sheet is a $250,000 reduction in cash in assets and a $250,000 reduction in retained earnings in equity.
What happens when a company declares a cash dividend?
When a company's board of directors pays cash dividends on its stock, the following events occur: Retained earnings (a portion of the share capital) fall. Short-term debt (eg dividend payments) will increase.
How does a cash distribution affect net worth?
Capital. Cash distributions reduce the company's share capital and are generally deducted from retained earnings. Retained earnings are accumulated net income from prior periods. The profit that your company makes is part of the shareholders' equity on the balance sheet.
How are dividends calculated in a financial statement?
At the end of each financial year, each company announces that it calculates an income statement based on the transactions carried out during the year. If the company makes a profit during the year, the board of directors pays dividends to the company's shareholders.
Does a cash dividend affect the balance sheet formula
Cash dividends affect two parts of the balance sheet: cash and stock accounts. Investors will not find a separate balance sheet for dividends paid. However, after the dividend has been declared and before the actual distribution is made, the company records the liability to its shareholders in the dividend account.
How are cash dividends and stockholder equity related?
Cash dividends reduce equity while stock dividends do not reduce equity. Equity is the share of equity in a company's balance sheet. 3 Equity can be calculated from the balance sheet by subtracting the company's liabilities from its total assets.
How does a dividend affect the income statement?
The payment of dividend has no impact on the income statement. As this dividend is paid, current liabilities and current assets, especially cash, decrease and a journal entry is made: Cr. Cash xx There are two types of dividends.
Where does the dividend go on the balance sheet?
The cash dividend affects two parts of the balance sheet: cash and capital accounts. Investors will not find a separate balance sheet for dividends paid.
How are cash dividends reported in the statement of cash flows?
(However, the cash dividend on the preferred stock is deducted from net income to generate the available net profit on the common stock.) The cash flow statement shows the amount of cash cash dividend used to raise funds.
How do cash dividends affect the financial statements?
When a company's board of directors pays cash dividends on its stock, the following events occur: Retained earnings (a portion of capital) fall. Increase in current liabilities (e.g.
How are dividends calculated on a balance sheet?
The company may pay dividends in the form of cash, additional shares of the company, or a combination of both. To calculate equity, you take a company's total assets and subtract the company's liabilities. Cash dividends reduce equity while stock dividends do not reduce equity.
How does a stock dividend affect stockholders equity?
When a company pays cash dividends to its shareholders, its capital is reduced by the total of all dividends paid. However, the effect of dividends varies depending on the type of dividend paid by the company. Also, stock dividends do not have the same effect on equity as cash dividends.
At and t stock and cash dividend
AT&T pays an annual dividend of $ per share with a dividend yield of T. The last quarterly dividend payment was made to record shareholders on Monday, May 3. The company has increased its dividend for the past 37 consecutive years, increasing the dividend each year on average.
When does AT&T pay dividend?
Dividends will be paid to shareholders of record on February 1, 2019 upon close of business on January 10, 2019 AT&T Inc. (NYSE: T) is a diversified global leader in telecommunications, media, entertainment and technology.
Is AT&T stock a good investment?
Boredom is good for AT&T (T) stocks. AT&T offers high dividends through a solid platform. Strong dividends and increased recent acquisitions make AT&T (T) stock attractive.
How safe is AT&T dividend?
AT&T: Dividends are good and safe. A recent article pointed out some pretty misleading facts about AT&T. AT&T has dividends well backed by free cash flow and a timely debt plan.
What is a good stock dividend?
A good dividend yield depends on interest rates and general market conditions, but a yield of 4-6% is generally considered sufficient. Lower returns may not be enough for investors to buy stocks just for dividends. However, a higher yield may indicate that the dividend is uncertain and may be reduced in the future.
Does declaring a cash dividend affect net income?
Dividends are part of the company's net income. However, dividends do not reduce net income. Rather, dividends are just one example of what a company can do with its bottom line.
When does a company declare dividend?
When a company has a surplus and decides to pay dividends to common stockholders, the amount is displayed along with the payment date. This is usually determined quarterly after the company has prepared its income statement and the board of directors meets to review the financial statements.
What are dividends declared and paid?
Declared dividends are dividends that have been paid but not yet paid to shareholders. A paid dividend is a dividend declared, paid and received by shareholders.
What is a cash dividend
Definition: Cash dividends represent ownership of the profits distributed by a company to its shareholders and encourage investors to own shares in large companies, even if they are not growth-oriented. What does cash dividends mean? What are cash dividends?
Who does actually declare a dividend?
- Declare dividend. They feel they always do.
- Step #1: Test Your Skills. Before you can make a decision on dividends, you need to convince yourself that the company even has the right to make a decision on dividends.
- Step #2 Payment Terms.
- Explanation of step #3.
- Documentation for step 4.
- Step #5 Payment or journal entry.
What do companies pay out dividends?
Dividends are part of the company's profits. Financially sound companies often pass on part of their profits to shareholders in the form of dividends. Each shareholder receives a fixed amount for each share he owns. For example, on June 10, 2019, IBM paid a dividend of dollars per share.
When do you have to enter journal entry for cash dividends?
Since financial transactions take place on both the declaration date (an obligation arises) and the payment date (the money is paid), the transactions are recorded on these two dates. No registration is required for the check-in date. The payable dividend account appears on the balance sheet as a current liability.
How does a cash dividend work for a company?
On the payday, the company pays out the dividend due by direct debit and credits the corresponding outgoing cash flow to its cash account. Cash dividends do not affect the company's income statement. However, they reduce the company's capital and cash by the same amount.
When do cash dividends go into retained earnings?
Cash dividends on common stock. At the end of the year, the balance of declared dividends is closed to retained earnings. If such an account is used, the posting will be made on the date of the announcement - it is important to note that no posting will be made to post late dividends until announced by the board of directors.
Extra cash dividend
An additional dividend is a one-time dividend that is paid to the shareholders of a company. A company pays additional dividends when it has excess cash and can reward its shareholders. Additional dividends are usually a one-time event and in a higher amount than the company's regular dividend.
What is increased dividends?
Share the benefits. The most common reason for raising dividends is to share the profits with shareholders. A company needs money to grow and grow, so it rarely pays out all of its earnings in dividends, but you can have a particularly good year when you make more profit than you need.
What stocks have the highest yield?
Century Link Inc. (NYSE: CTL) typically receives high dividends as one of the largest companies in the telecommunications industry. In this case, CenturyLink lists the S&P 500 as the most profitable stock in the index.
Are dividends paid per shares owned?
Dividends are paid per share, which means that if you buy additional shares, you are entitled to a higher dividend payment. However, owning a large number of dividend stocks does not necessarily mean a better investment.
What is the formula for calculating dividends?
Another method of calculating the dividend payout percentage is per share. In this case, the formula is used to divide the dividend per share by the earnings per share (EPS). Earnings per share is net income less dividends on preferred stock divided by the average number of shares outstanding during the period.
How to calculate dividends a company pays?
How do companies calculate dividends? Function. The decision to pay a dividend is made by the company's board of directors. Payment percentage. For companies with a regular dividend policy, investors can see the dividend payment percentage. types. Certain types of stocks have higher wages that sometimes even exceed net earnings per share. Harvest.
How do I find dividends in accounting?
Practicing Mathematics. To calculate dividends for a given year, first take retained earnings at the beginning and end of the year and subtract the beginning of the year from the end of the year. This shows the net change in retained earnings for the year.
Is the cash dividend paid asset or liability?
Because cash dividends required a good trade on the ledgers, which would definitely have an impact on the company's financial statements. Because on the day of the announcement, the company has to pay a dividend to the shareholder. And on payday, dividends affect both cash flow and equity.
What are dividends in accounting?
In accounting, dividends are often understood as cash dividends that a company pays to its stockholders (or shareholders). Dividends are often paid quarterly, but can also be paid at other times.