Carolingian empire

Carolingian empire

Who invaded the Carolingian Empire? One of the reasons the Viking invasions were so devastating to the Carolingian Empire is because the empire was invaded by different groups of Vikings in different regions. The most influential Viking groups were the Norwegians, Danes and Swedes.

What causes the decline of Carolingian Empire?

Several factors contributed to the fall of the Carolingian Empire, but the division of the Frankish lands between male members of the Carolingian dynasty was the main reason for the fall, as it led to the fragmentation of Charlemagne's empire.

Who was the greatest Carolingian king?

The greatest monarch of the Carolingians was Charlemagne, the son of Pepin. Charlemagne was born in 800 to Pope Leo III. Emperor crowned in Rome. His empire, apparently a continuation of the Western Roman Empire, is historically called the Carolingian Empire.

Who established the Carolingian dynasty?

The Carolingian dynasty (known as Carolingia, Carolingia, Carolingia, Carolingia or Carlingi) was a Frankish noble family founded by Karl Martel and descended from the Arnulfing and Pippinids clans of the 7th century AD.

Who was the invader of the Carolingian Empire?

The Slavs invaded Central Europe from the east. The Magyars left Asia to the west. The most dangerous attacks came from the Vikings, robbers from Scandinavia in the north. Question: Who invaded the Carolingian Empire?

What was the result of the breakup of the Carolingian dynasty?

So the West Franks of the Carolingians became France. After the collapse of the Frankish Empire, the history of Germany was intertwined for 900 years with the history of the Holy Roman Empire, which later emerged from the eastern part of Charlemagne's original empire.

What was the defense of the Carolingian Empire?

The speed of their invasion left the Carolingians impotent. The defense of the empire was based on the local defense of the local nobility, who defended their lands on the basis of feudal property. In most cases the attackers were Normans, Saracens and Hungarians.

When did the Hungarians invade the Carolingian Empire?

There is information about the Hungarian incursions into the East Carolingian Empire in 862. In 881, the Hungarians and the Kabarians invaded East Franks and fought two battles: the first (Ungari) at Venia (probably Vienna) and the second (Kovari). ) in Kulmit (possibly Kulmberg or Kollmitz in Austria).

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What was the size of the Carolingian Empire?

Carolingian Empire The Carolingian Empire (800-888) is the last phase in the history of the Frankish Empire in the early Middle Ages, which was ruled by the Carolingians. The size of the empire during its heyday was around 800 AD. it was 1,112,000 km² with a population of 10-20 million people.

:brown_circle: Why was the Carolingian Empire weakened in the 9th century?

The church was shocked by all this controversy in the Carolingian dynasty and all these civil wars to reduce the income of the church. Civil wars aside, the Carolingian Empire has been weakened by increasing barbarian invasions since the early 9th century.

How did the Holy Roman Empire get its name?

The Holy Roman Empire was an empire that crossed the Mediterranean. The Holy Roman Empire conquered many countries such as Spain, Africa and parts of Asia.

:brown_circle: What were the members of the Holy Roman Empire called?

The electors (or simply electors) of the Holy Roman Empire (German: Kurfürst, pl. Electors, Latin: Electors) were members of the College of Electors of the Holy Roman Empire, holding the post of a Roman king or from the middle - century XVI to directly select a German Roman Emperor.

What countries were part of the Holy Roman Empire?

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE. The Holy Roman Empire was a feudal monarchy that initially consisted of what is now Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Austria, the Czech and Slovak Republic, as well as parts of eastern France, northern Italy, Slovenia, and western Poland. Poland of the first century of the modern era.

How many kingdoms were in the Holy Roman Empire?

The Holy Roman Empire eventually consisted of four kingdoms. The kingdoms were: the Kingdom of Germany (part of the empire from 962), the Kingdom of Italy (from 962 to 1648), the Kingdom of Bohemia (from 1002 as Duchy of Bohemia and raised to the status of Kingdom in 1198), the Kingdom Burgundy (from 1032 to 1378).

:brown_circle: How did the Carolingian Empire help the Roman Empire?

The division of Frankish lands among Carolingian males was an important factor. The Carolingians extended their rule to much of western and central Europe in less than half a century and were considered the innovators of the Roman Empire after Charlemagne's coronation in 800.

When did the Carolingians take over East Francia?

The Carolingians were resettled in most of the empire in 888. They ruled East Franks until 911 and temporarily held the West Frankish throne until 987.

Fall of the carolingian empire

The Carolingian Empire covered most of Western and Central Europe, but fell apart less than a hundred years after Charlemagne's death in 814. Several factors led to the fall of the Carolingian Empire. The division of Frankish land among the Carolingian male members was an important factor.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What was the collapse of the Carolingian Empire?

The collapse of the Carolingian and Frankish empires is often associated with the death of Charlemagne (8 39-888). Charlemagne was born in 742 and ruled the Frankish kingdoms from 800 to 814. Charlemagne was the son of King Pepin the Short, who is considered one of the founders of the Carolingians.

When did Charles the fat of the Carolingian Empire die?

Several years later, Charlemagne had to abdicate and died in January 888. After his death, the Carolingian Empire was divided into five different kingdoms (France, Germany, Italy, Northern Burgundy) and two other independent dukes (Aquitaine and Brittany). in northwestern France).

What was the division of the Carolingian Empire?

Parts of the Carolingian Empire. The division of Charlemagne's empire into three kingdoms ruled by his grandsons. The Carolingian successor state, Middle Franks, split into three kingdoms in 855. After the death of Charles of Provence in 863, his kingdom was divided between Lorraine and the kingdom of Louis II.

When did the Carolingian dynasty reach its peak?

In 751, the Merovingian dynasty, which ruled the Germanic Franks, was overthrown with the consent of the papacy and the nobility, and Pepin le Breuf, son of Martel, was crowned king of the Franks. With Charlemagne's coronation as the first Western Roman Emperor in over three centuries, the Carolingian dynasty reached its peak in 800.

Who invaded the carolingian empire in world war 2

The latter claims the entire Carolingian Empire, but Louis the German and Charlemagne united against his brother, forcing him to accept the division of the empire into three parts under the Treaty of Verdun in 843.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Who was involved in the Carolingian Civil War?

The Carolingian Civil War lasted from about 823 to 835 and involved a series of battles between Louis the Pious and Karl the Bald and their older sons Lothar, Pepin and Ludwig the German. In 829, Louis the Pious revoked his title as co-emperor with Lothar and exiled him to Italy.

:brown_circle: Who was the first king of the Carolingian Empire?

Carolingian Empire. Since Charles and his ancestors were formerly the rulers of the Frankish empire (his grandfather Charles Martel essentially founded the empire during his lifetime, and his father Pepin le Breuf was the first king of the Franks), the coronation was not really a new empire.

Who invaded the carolingian empire in ww1

Louis the Pious took Lothario (and gave it to Carlos the Bald) in all countries except Italy. Pepin d'Aquitan and Louis confirmed what they had before. Division of the Carolingian Empire after the signing of the peace treaty of Verdun in 843 between Karl the Bald, Louis the German and Lothar. ETC Origin Maps.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Who was the leader of the Carolingian dynasty?

The greatest monarch of the Carolingians was Charlemagne, the son of Pepin. Charlemagne was born in 800 to Pope Leo III. Emperor crowned in Rome.

Who invaded the carolingian empire in 1812

Muslims, Magyars and Vikings settled in the empire, but most of the peoples attacked by the Carolingians became Christian nations and were admitted to Christian Europe.

What did the barbarians do to the Carolingian Empire?

The barbarians were mainly interested in theft and later in colonization. The speed of their invasion left the Carolingians impotent. The defense of the empire was based on the local defense of the local nobility, who defended their lands on the basis of feudal property.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Why did the Carolingian Empire come to an end?

Faced with increasing external threats, especially Viking raids, the Carolingian Empire eventually collapsed for internal reasons as its rulers were unable to rule such a large empire effectively.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: How did the Carolingian Empire weaken under Louis the Pious?

Even under Louis the Pious, the dangers of the Carolingian rulers' practice of dividing Frankish lands among members of the Carolingian dynasty, generally legitimate male descendants, became apparent, leading to a weakening of imperial power and territorial fragmentation.

:brown_circle: Why was the Carolingian Empire contemptuous of Byzantium?

The Carolingian ruler despised Byzantium, because it was ruled by a woman, Empress Irina, a rather unusual figure. But the alliance with Byzantium, at least for now, and certainly not the most unusual alliance with Baghdad, has come to fruition.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What causes the decline of carolingian empire timeline

The Carolingian Empire covered most of Western and Central Europe, but fell apart less than a hundred years after Charlemagne's death in 814. Several factors led to the fall of the Carolingian Empire. The division of Frankish land among the Carolingian male members was an important factor. Fall of the Carolingian Empire.

What was the impact of the fall of the Carolingian Empire?

Consequences of the fall of the Carolingian Empire. The fall of the Carolingian Empire led to the formation of two independent political entities: West Franks, which became the Kingdom of France, and East Franks, the predecessor of Germany.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What was the fall of the Carolingian Empire?

Fall of the Carolingian Empire. The manuscript depicts Charlemagne and his son Lodewijk the Pious. After Charlemagne's death in 814, the Frankish empire faced serious problems. The Arab conquest made shipping dangerous and drastically reduced the supply of goods from the east.

What was the government like in the Carolingian Empire?

Government. Around 800 AD the government, administration and organization of the Carolingian Empire were created at the court of Charlemagne. That same year, Charlemagne was crowned emperor and adapted his current royal administration to the demands of the new title.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What was the border of the Carolingian Empire?

Carolingian Empire.

What causes the decline of carolingian empire in europe

Many factors contributed to the fall of the Carolingian Empire, but the frank management of the country by the men of the Carolingian dynasty becomes one of the main reasons for its fall, as it led to the fragmentation of the empire.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: When did the Carolingian Empire come to an end?

Carolingian rule in East Franks ended in 911 when the child Ludwig died without leaving a male heir, while the western branch of the Carolingian dynasty ruled intermittently until the last Carolingian king of West Franks, Louis V, died in 987 without leaving an heir.

What was the threat to the Carolingian Empire?

One of the main threats to the Carolingian and Frankish empires was the use of the hammer, which led to the division of the empire between the king's heirs.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What causes the decline of carolingian empire definition

Several factors contributed to the fall of the Carolingian Empire, but the division of the Frankish lands among the male members of the Carolingian dynasty was the main reason for the fall, as it led to the fragmentation of Charlemagne's empire.

When did Lothar II of the Carolingian Empire die?

Lothair II died in 869 leaving no legal heir, and his kingdom was divided in 870 under the Treaty of Mersen between Charles the Bald and Louis of Germany. During this time, Ludwig Nemec was involved in an argument with his three sons.

Who was the founder of the Carolingian Empire?

Martel is also the founder of all the feudal and income systems that shaped the Carolingian Empire and Europe in general during the Middle Ages, although his son and grandson were known for their innovations.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Who was the king of France at the end of the Carolingian dynasty?

The chronicler dates the end of the Carolingian reign with the coronation of Robert II.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: How did the Civil War of the Carolingians end?

After the death of Louis the Pious (son of Charlemagne), the surviving adult Carolingians waged a three-year civil war, which ended only with the Treaty of Verdun, which divided the empire into three regnae while granting imperial status. and nominal feudal power to Lothar I.

Who was the emperor of the Carolingian Empire?

Charlemagne was born in 800 to Pope Leo III. Emperor crowned in Rome. His empire, apparently a continuation of the Western Roman Empire, is historically known as the Carolingian Empire.

:brown_circle: When did Charles the fat break up the Carolingian Empire?

The unity of the empire and the Carolingian inheritance law were always recognised. In 884 Charlemagne united all the Carolingian kingdoms for the last time, but he died in 888 and the empire immediately fell apart.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What was the language of the Carolingian Empire?

The use of the term "Carolingian Empire" is a modern convention. The official language of the empire was Latin.

Who was known as Charles the Great King?

The nickname magnus (big) could be associated with him during his lifetime, but this is not certain. Modern Latin Frankish royal annals regularly refer to him as Carolus magnus rex, the great King Charles.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Where does the last name Carolingian come from?

The Carolingian name (in Medieval Latin karolingi, a modified form of the unconfirmed Old High German word karling or kerling, meaning descendant of Karl, see MHG kerlinc) means family of Karl.

Who was the greatest carolingian king of american

The greatest ruler of the Carolingian Empire and the Franks was Charlemagne, who reigned from 742 to 814. Charlemagne expanded the Frankish Empire to rule most of Europe.

:brown_circle: Who was the last king of the Carolingian Empire?

In 884 Charlemagne united all the Carolingian kingdoms for the last time, but he died in 888 and the empire immediately fell apart. As the only legitimate person in the dynasty, the nobility was chosen as the son of regional kings outside the dynasty or, in the case of the Eastern Kingdom, an illegitimate Carolingian.

Who was the leader of the Carolingian Renaissance?

The Carolingian Renaissance is known for the cultural upheavals and great achievements made under the leadership of Charlemagne in the 8th century. Charlemagne, also known as Charlemagne and Charlemagne, was one of the greatest rulers of the Middle Ages.

Who is the most powerful king in history?

The most powerful and righteous king in history is undoubtedly Darius, who was the first to rule the greatest empire in history and conquer most of it without bloodshed. But then Alexander the Great and Genghis Khan staged a popular massacre.

Who was the greatest carolingian king of the world

Charlemagne is considered the greatest ruler of the Carolingian dynasty because of the measures he took to lift Europe out of chaos. Charlemagne was determined to improve education and religion and lead Europe out of confusion. To that end, he launched an aggressive thirty-year campaign to unite Europe and spread Christianity.

Who was the king of the Carolingian Empire?

Carolingian Empire: Medieval state founded by the Frankish king Charlemagne, who reigned between 768 and 814. What was the Carolingian Empire? The Carolingian Empire was a state founded in the Middle Ages by the Frankish king Charlemagne, who reigned between 768 and 814.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Who was the first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire?

In 800, the Frankish king Charlemagne was imprisoned by Pope Leo III. crowned emperor in Rome with the aim of moving the Roman Empire from east to west. The Carolingian Empire is considered the first stage in the history of the Holy Roman Empire, which lasted until 1806.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Who was the greatest carolingian king of the bible

Charlemagne: the greatest king of the Carolingians, king and father of Europe and Charlemagne. All these titles have been awarded to this glorious person. His achievements include saving Rome, expelling Spanish Muslims and laying the foundation stone for France, Germany and Italy.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Who was the pope during the Carolingian dynasty?

With the permission of Pope Pepin the Short, he locked up the last rivals of the Merovingians in the monastery. On Christmas Day 800, Pope Leo III was born to Pepin the Short's son, Charlemagne (later Charlemagne or Charlemagne).

:brown_circle: Who was the greatest carolingian king of the united states

Charlemagne is considered the greatest ruler of the Carolingian dynasty because of his achievements in the middle of the Middle Ages. Charlemagne was the eldest son of Pepin le Breuf and Bertrada de Laon.

Who established the carolingian dynasty in vietnam

The Carolingian dynasty, a family of Frankish aristocrats, and the dynasty (AD 750-887) they founded to rule Western Europe. The name of the dynasty comes from the large number of relatives named after Charlemagne, especially Charlemagne.

Who was the king of the Franks in 768?

Charlemagne (English: /ˈʃɑːrləmeɪn, ˌʃɑːrləˈmeɪn/ SHARləmayn, ⁠MAYN, French: ) or Charlemagne (Latin: Carolus Magnus April 2, 748 – January 28, 814), numbered by Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768 King Lombards from 774 and emperor of the Romans from 800.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Who was the king of the Franks in the Middle Ages?

Charlemagne (English: /rləmeɪn, ˌʃɑːrləˈmeɪn/ French: ) or Charlemagne (April 2, 748 – January 28, 814), numbered by Charles I, was King of the Franks from 768 and King of the Lombards from 774 and since 800. Emperor of the Romans. In the early Middle Ages, it united most of Western and Central Europe.

Who was the first emperor of the Carolingian dynasty?

The Carolingian dynasty began with Karl's grandfather, Karl Martel, but began its official rule with Karl's father, Pepin the Short, and drove out the Merovingian dynasty. With the coronation of Charlemagne as the first emperor of the West in more than three centuries, the dynasty reached its zenith.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Where was the Kingdom of Italy during the Carolingian dynasty?

The Carolingian kingdom in Italy occupied the north and center of the peninsula up to Rome, with the exception of the nominally Byzantine Duchy of Venice, the former exarchate, and all lands of Lombardy except Benevento (for. Register here to see ¿ What's happening in this In your mailbox every day, every day Thank you for subscribing!

:brown_circle: What was the economy of the Carolingian Empire?

The economy of the Carolingian Empire was based on agricultural production, especially the harvest of crops such as wheat, barley and oats. Other important sectors of the economy were livestock and pig farming, as well as the artisanal manufacture of weapons and furniture.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Who established the carolingian dynasty in china

Named after its heart in the state of Qin (now Gansu and Shaanxi), the dynasty was founded by Qin Shi Huang, the first Qin emperor. The power of the Qin state was strengthened by Shang Yang's legal reforms in the 4th century BC. C. It increased greatly during the Warring States period.

:brown_circle: Who was the leader of the Carolingian Empire?

Carolingian dynasty. Under the Treaty of Verdun of 843, they agreed to divide the empire into three kingdoms. Francia Occidentalis in the west passed to Charles II the Bald, Francia Orientalis in the east to Louis II, Germany and central France, including the Italian provinces and Rome, to Lothar, who also inherited the imperial title.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: When was the Carolingian Empire divided into three kingdoms?

The division of Charlemagne's empire into three kingdoms ruled by his grandsons. The Carolingian successor state, Middle Franks, split into three kingdoms in 855. After the death of Charles of Provence in 863, his kingdom was divided between Lorraine and the kingdom of Louis II.

:brown_circle: When did the legitimate line of the Carolingian Empire end?

The illegal line continued to rule in the east until 911, while the legitimate Carolingian dynasty was reestablished in the western kingdom in 898 and ruled from 922 to 936 on and off until 987.

Who established the carolingian dynasty in india

For other uses, see Carolinger (disambiguation). The Carolingian dynasty (known as Carolingian, Carolingian, Carolingian, Carolingian, or Carolingian) was a Frankish noble family founded by Karl Martel and descended from the Arnulfing and Pippinids clans in the 7th century AD.

:brown_circle: Who was the founder of the Carolingian dynasty?

Carolingian dynasty. The Carolingian dynasty (known as the Carolinger, Carolinger, Carolinger or Carlinge) was a Frankish noble family founded by Karl Martel and descended from the Arnulfing and Pippinids clans of the 7th century AD.

:brown_circle: Who was the leader of the Korean Empire?

The Korean Empire (transliterated to Taehan Cheguk, Korean: 대한 제국 Hanja: 大 韓帝國, lit. The Great Korean Empire) was a united and independent Korean state proclaimed by Emperor Gojong in October 1897 during the Joseon Dynasty. The empire lasted until the Japanese annexation of Korea in August 1910.

Who established the carolingian dynasty timeline

The reign of Pepin the Short, founder of the Carolingian dynasty. Carolingian rule in Franks and the Holy Roman Empire. Charlemagne reigns as the king of the Franks. Charlemagne Corules France with his brother Carloman I before Carloman's death.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Who was the leader of the Frankish dynasty?

It then came together under the rule and (after 751) of the monarchy of the Arnulfing-Pippinid family of East Franks (later known as the Carolingian dynasty), along with Pepin II and his successor Karl Martel, Pepin III.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What was the name of the Vietnamese Empire?

The Proclamation of the Daviet National Socialist Party in 1945. The Kimsa Vietnam Empire's most notable achievement was the successful negotiations with Japan for the nation's territorial unification. The French divided Vietnam into three distinct regions: Cochinchina (1862) and Annam and Tonkin (both in 1884).

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Who are the Carolingians and what did they do?

CAROLINGOV. Frankish family, from which several rulers of the Frankish empire came, who lived in the period from ca.

Who established the carolingian dynasty in africa

The Carolingian dynasty (known as Carolingia, Carolingia, Carolingia, Carolingia or Carlingi) was a Frankish noble family founded by Karl Martel and descended from the Arnulfing and Pippinids clans of the 7th century AD.

Where was the Carolingian Empire located in Italy?

In southern Italy, the Byzantines (Eastern Romans) and the remnants of the Lombard kingdom in the Principality of Benevento dispute the Carolingian claims to power. The term "Carolingian Empire" is a modern term and was not used by contemporaries. The official language of the empire was Latin.

Where was the carolingian empire located

The Carolingians, as their most important member Charlemagne called them, in Latin Carol the Great, known as Charlemagne, ruled from the 8th century and laid the foundation for many of the cultural and political achievements of late medieval civilization.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What was the Carolingian dynasty?

Carolingian dynasty. The Carolingian dynasty (known as Carolingian, Carolingian, Carolingian, Carolingian, or Carolingian) was a Frankish noble family founded by Karl Martel and descended from the Arnulfing and Pippinids clan in the 7th century AD.

:brown_circle: Was Charles Martel Carolingian?

The first known Carolingian general was Charles Martel, son of Pepin d'Eristal, who ruled the decadent Merovingian kingdom as mayor of the palace. Charles grew up in the luxury of the courtyard, despite being the product of an illegal marriage.

Where did the Merovingian dynasty get its name?

The Merovingian dynasty takes its name from Merovech, the semi-legendary leader of the Salian Franks in the mid-5th century.

When did the Merovingians take over northern Gaul?

They first appear as kings of the Franks in the Roman army in northern Gaul. In 509 they united all the Franks and Romans in northern Gaul under their rule. They conquered most of Gaul, defeated the Visigoths (507) and the Burgundians (534), and extended their rule in Rhetia (537).

Where can you find coins from the Merovingian dynasty?

Merovingian coins are exhibited in the Monnaie de Paris in Paris, Merovingian gold coins are in the National Library, Cabinet of Medals.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: Who was the first king of the Merovingian Franks?

The first king of the Merovingian Franks, Childerich I (died 481/482), ruled the region around Tournai, while his son Clovis I (reigned 481/482-511) expanded the kingdom, eliminating other Frankish chieftains and great sovereignty. Part of Gaul.

Carolingian empire definition

The Carolingian Empire (800-888) is a historiographical term used in the early Middle Ages for the Frankish Empire under the Carolingian dynasty.

:eight_spoked_asterisk: What king ruled the Carolingian Empire?

The Carolingian dynasty reached its peak in 800 with the coronation of Charlemagne as the first Roman emperor in the west in over three centuries. His death in 814 marked the beginning of a long period of fragmentation and decline of the Carolingian Empire, which eventually led to the development of the Kingdom of France and the Holy Roman Empire.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: How did the Carolingian Empire fall?

Several factors contributed to the fall of the Carolingian Empire, but the division of the Frankish lands between male members of the Carolingian dynasty was the main reason for the fall, as it led to the fragmentation of Charlemagne's empire. In a sense, the establishment of the Carolingian Empire is a fluke.

Is Greek Empire and Roman Empire same?

The Greek Empire would have lasted about 350 years, while the Roman Empire would have lasted between 500 and 1500 years, depending on how you interpret Roman rule (AhbelRappe 530). Over time, disputes arose over which of the two kingdoms was stronger than the other because of its influence on the ancient world.

:brown_circle: Where did the art of the Carolingian Renaissance come from?

Carolingian art emerged in the Frankish Empire for about 120 years, from about 780 to 900, during the reign of Charlemagne and his immediate successors, the so-called Carolingian Renaissance. The art was created by the court circle and a group of important monasteries under and for imperial protection.

What was the cultural revival of the Carolingian Empire?

An essential part of this cultural renaissance was radical changes in the visual arts and new livelihoods thanks to imperial patronage.

Are there any surviving fragments of Carolingian art?

Fragmentary frescoes have been preserved that enable art historians to understand Carolingian painting theoretically. Examples of surviving fragments are the Abbey of St. Johann in Mustair and St. Benedict in Mals.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: What kind of architecture did the Carolingians have?

Carolingian architecture: Doman style of Northern European architecture from the late 8th and 9th centuries. It was a conscious effort to imitate Roman architecture and therefore borrowed heavily from early Christian and Byzantine architecture.

carolingian empire