Capital formation

Capital formation,

Definition of Capital formation:

  1. The fact or process of generating capital.

  2. Transfer of savings from individuals or households to the business sector; directly through investments or indirectly through bank deposits which are loaned out to firms.

  3. Producing more goods and services can lead to an increase in national income levels. To accumulate additional capital, a country needs to generate savings and investments from household savings or based on government policy. Countries with a high rate of household savings can accumulate funds to produce capital goods faster, and a government that runs a surplus can invest the surplus in capital goods.

  4. Capital formation is a term used to describe the net capital accumulation during an accounting period for a particular country. The term refers to additions of capital goods, such as equipment, tools, transportation assets, and electricity. Countries need capital goods to replace the older ones that are used to produce goods and services. If a country cannot replace capital goods as they reach the end of their useful lives, production declines. Generally, the higher the capital formation of an economy, the faster an economy can grow its aggregate income.

Meaning of Capital formation & Capital formation Definition