Definition of Biotechnology:
Biotechnology involves understanding how living organisms function at the molecular level, so it combines a number of disciplines including biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics, science and technology. Modern biotechnology continues to make very significant contributions to extending the human lifespan and improving the quality of life through numerous ways, including providing products and therapies to combat diseases, generating higher crop yields, and using biofuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Hungarian engineer Karl Ereky reportedly coined the term “biotechnology,” which is often referred to as “biotech,” in 1919.
The exploitation of biological processes for industrial and other purposes, especially the genetic manipulation of microorganisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc.
Biotechnology is a science-driven industry sector that makes use of living organisms and molecular biology to produce healthcare-related products and therapeutics or to run processes (such as DNA fingerprinting). Biotechnology is best known for its increasingly important role in the fields of medicine and pharmaceuticals, and is also applied in other areas such as genomics, food production, and the production of biofuels.
Application of biology to produce industrial enzymes, improved plants and animals, medicines, pesticides, etc., from living organisms or their parts. Genetic engineering is a special application of biotechnology in which genetic (hereditary) material of a plant or animal is modified (at the molecular level) to produce more desirable qualities.
How to use Biotechnology in a sentence?
- Biotechnology (biotech) companies derive their products from the extraction or manipulation of living organisms, and comprise an important industry sector in the economy.
- These products and processes can apply to several aspects of the economy ranging from healthcare and medicine to biofuels and environmental safety.
- Biotechnology is the branch of applied science that utilizes living organisms and their derivatives in order to produce products and processes.
- Biotech stocks are seen as quite risky investments since they are often unprofitable until a drug or theraputic has had enormous amounts of R&D investment, which may or may not pay off.
- As you can see, biotechnology is a growth industry no student can afford to ignore.
Meaning of Biotechnology & Biotechnology Definition