Behavioural Science Theory:
Behavioral Science Theory, systematic study of behavior by observation. Regardless of moods, emotions, or mental state during that particular behavior is considered. The founder of this school of thought is John B. Watson. He published the paper “psychology as the behaviorist views it” in 1913. This theory gave the concept of behaviorism which depends on behavior observation.
Behavioral science theory is based on conditioning. There are two types of conditioning. One is classical conditioning and the other is operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is a process to associate an environmental stimulus with a naturally occurring stimulus. Secondly, in Operant conditioning, the association of behavior and the results of the behavior are considered. So it is easy to conduct research and collect data about behaviors.
List of behavioral theories. What are the different behavioral theories?
Behavioral Science Theory of Management: understanding of different working dimensions of humans. such as passion, motivation, standards, demands, conflicts, intragroup dynamics, and increased productivity.
The Behavioral Science Theory of fashion - this addresses the looks, colors, styles, beauty, impacts human behavior. Also, the prediction of change must be another focus in fashion.
Behavioral Science Theory of leadership - concern with studying leadership behavior patterns. Understanding is important for the successful result in leadership.
Behavioral Science Theory Public Health Interventions - concerned with knowledge. about attitude, stress reaction, will. Health improvement needs to be studied in these areas to understand the behavior of health.
The Theory Of Planned Behavior - theory has the intention to understand a person’s behavior control over different circumstances. It has a focus on intentional and planned behaviors.
Problem behavior theory - theory predicts the behavior that creates violence. Problem behavior theory gives the idea that provokes problematic behavior. Also, gives the solution to prevent these behaviors.
Behavior theory social work - social work requires behavioral knowledge to use more effective approaches.
Behavioral Science Theory of Management:
Behaviorists discover through experiments, important to understand the working behavior of the individual. Such as understanding motivation, teamwork, difficulties, would help to enhance work productivity. Observations and the increase in productivity connections studied by scientists, the Hawthorne effect. His experiment is one of the most famous research studies in the industry. This experiment defines employees to make their working behavior better when they know that they are being watched!
importance of behavioral management theory:
Studying management in behavioral management theories guides the organization or office. Such as increasing the revenue by getting the most productive work. For instance, this explains that management should keep the focus on many dimensions of working behavior. For example, dimensions like goal focus, communication, working environment, etc.
Behavioral Science Theory of fashion:
Psychology about Fashion considers the customers’ mindsets. such as behavior, style, beauty, looks, colors, stuff, etc. behavioral science theory of fashion defines, that marketers in the fashion department need to know users’ minds. Thus it is important to have knowledge of the 60s fashion, 80s fashion,, and 2000s fashion. As the people are the beings to adopt your product for fashion. Additionally, the prediction about the duration of that particular fashion, for how long it is going to stay in fashion is a necessary element. Because this knowledge will enable marketers to create more and more stuff. Change is the most important factor when it comes to fashion. So, understand how fashion can change your life.
Behavioral Science Theory of leadership:
The theory predicts the leader’s behavior patterns in different circumstances. These understandings of behaviors answer us about success in leadership. According to the behavioral science theory of leadership, there are 4 kinds of leadership styles.
1. Autocratic Leadership:
Autocratic Leadership defines leadership, the only leaders can make a decision. No participation is involved with other team members at all.
2. Democratic or Participative Leadership:
Democratic leadership / Participative Leadership defines that decision-making is also in the control of team members. That is on the basis of sharing.
3. Free-Rein or Laisse-Faire Leadership:
A leadership type, in which work objectives are done by the team allowed by the team leader. Decisions are made by members.
4. Paternalistic Leadership:
Paternalistic leadership involves in which leaders select the manager to manage the team and also teamwork. Loyalty is necessary.
Behavioral Science Theory Public Health Interventions / Importance of behavioral science in public health:
For an effective health program, it is important to understand behaviors on the health and also the health problem contexts. Behavioral causes can be included, alcohol use, tobacco, injuries, etc. For effective treatment and public health interventions, knowledge on coping with stress will power important behaviors while having a health problem. This is all-important along with the knowledge of how to treat hypertension. An individual’s circle, including family, friends, and colleagues are also included, who play roles here. To understand the patient better, we also need to get to know the psychological symptoms of stress.. Also what is the positive psychological response to stress?
Theory Of Planned Behavior:
Understanding intentional behavior during different circumstances is a concern of the theory of planned behavior. The theory explains all the dimensions of behavior that a person uses with a plan. Thus, the study of behavioral psychology is important. A study on this topic was initiated from the Theory of Reasoned Action. It has some points which will help us to understand the concept. These points are discussed below.
ATTITUDE - Outcome of a particular behavior.
INTENTIONAL BEHAVIOR - strong motivation to perform that behavior.
SUBJECTIVE NORMS - this is about knowing that the behavior will get appreciation or will get rejected.
SOCIETY NORMS - this refers to the standards of the surrounding people.
PERCEIVING CONTROL ON BEHAVIOR - perception about ease/difficulty in behavior. Moreover, this perception varies according to the situation.
Problem planned theory:
The theory is given by Richard Jessor. Problem behaviors are behaviors that violate social rules and norms. The reason is, these negative behaviors could be failures, rejection, stress, etc. Problem behavior theory predicts reasons for violated behavior, termed as risk factors. They are also concerned with treating that problematic behavior, called protective factors. Problem behavior might be different for different age groups. For instance, the behavior that is considered a problem for adolescents might be normal for adults.
Behavior theory social work:
For social workers, it is important to understand an individual’s behavior for better output. To get better comprehension, various studies took place. It is also important to understand what is cognitive psychology. Below we will discuss those studies.
Systems theory gives an idea about various factors involved. Such as family, home, society, class, office, environment, etc. This means to improve a person’s situation one needs to find where the mistake is?
Behaviorism and Social Learning Theory:
Albert Bandura was a psychologist who proposed the social learning theory. His famous study on bobo dolls defines how human beings learn by observing the surrounding. Even individuals (child or adult) watch the TV and actions then can learn the same behavior.
According to Sigmund Freud, human behavior is modified to get gratification. Psychodynamic theory is an intra-psychological concept.
Psychosocial Developmental Theory:
Eight stages of Erik Erikson’s career, for instance, hope, willpower, the ability to compete, care and love, success, self-esteem, and self-worth. For social workers, to understand the situation it is necessary to understand the present situation of a person.
It means good or bad/right or wrong and depends on the person’s perception of how he or she is interpreting.
Frequently asked questions:
Here are the answers to those questions that are asked by people, students, and professionals related to behavioral science theory.
1. What are the examples of behavioral sciences?
So many examples of behavioral sciences in psychology! Such as cognitive sciences, political sciences, and social sciences. Learning theories are also on the list. These all are the study of human behavior and actions.
2. What are the key concepts of behavioral theory?
The key concepts of the behavioral theory are running around classical conditioning and operant conditioning. That means, it is the study of all about stimulus and the response. Both concepts of behavioral science theory are based on this concept.
3. Who are the behavioral theorists?
John Watson and B. F. Skinner are prominent names for behavioral theorists. Besides, Pavlov, E. C. Tolman is also a renowned behavioral theorist. Because their theories are considered as the basics of behaviorism.
4. What are the different types of behavior?
Different types of behavior are:
- Molecular behavior and moral behavior.
- Overt behavior and covert behavior.
- Voluntary behavior and involuntary behavior.
In addition to these, aggressive behavior, assertive behavior, passive behavior, and passive-aggressive behavior.
5. Importance of behavioral science.
Knowledge about human action and response to a stimulus is what makes it easy to understand humans. This is the importance of behavioral science. Understanding Human Psychology becomes easy through observing human behavior.
Behavioral science theory depends on so many sub-topics in psychology. Because understanding behavior by only observation has so many dimensions. Therefore there are so many behaviorists who worked on behaviorism and gave different dimensions.