Assistive technology

Assistive technology,

Definition of Assistive technology:

  1. Devices, equipment, or systems that enhance, increase, or maintain the physical and/or mental capabilities of people with disabilities. Assistive technology items may range from better designed pens, furniture, and kitchen appliances to text to speech and speech to text software, screen enlargers, robotic vision, etc. Also called adaptive technology.

Meaning of Assistive technology & Assistive technology Definition

Assistive Technology,

How Do You Define Assistive Technology?

  1. Assistive Technology can be defined as, Assistive technology refers to devices and equipment that can be used to help people with disabilities perform their daily activities and other tasks. Everything from custom pens and furniture to text-to-speech software can be considered auxiliary technology. These tools are widely used in the learning environment to make teaching activities accessible to students with disabilities.

    In certain circumstances, the insurance will cover the cost of the assistance.

Literal Meanings of Assistive Technology

Assistive:

Meanings of Assistive:
  1. (Equipment) Designed to help people with disabilities.

  2. Assign someone to perform basic care under the supervision of a professional nurse.

Sentences of Assistive
  1. An important part of the delegation is giving clear instructions to the support team.

Technology:

Meanings of Technology:
  1. Apply scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry.

  2. Machines and devices were developed with the application of scientific knowledge.

  3. A branch of science related to engineering or applied science.

Sentences of Technology
  1. Recycling technology

  2. This new technology can be useful when we apply it to practical problems.

  3. The time to develop new technologies in the nuclear industry is very long.

  4. New technologies are very important in medicine and will have a great impact.

  5. The story of the transformation of physical technology unfolds in two stages.

  6. It encourages people to move towards clean fuels and technologies.

  7. Together, these technologies will revolutionize the way television is viewed and recorded.

  8. How do we define and protect public values ​​as we begin to see the widespread use of this technology in general?

  9. However, the reality of these technologies failed to deliver on its promise.

Synonyms of Technology

hardware, gadgetry, mechanism, tackle, tools, technology, apparatus, instruments, plant, gear

Assistive Technology,

Assistive Technology Definition:

  • You can define Assistive Technology as, Istive technology refers to tools and equipment that can help people with disabilities in their daily activities and other tasks. Everything from custom pens and decorations to text tosh software can be described as the best technology. These tools are widely used in the learning environment to make teaching and learning activities accessible to students with disabilities.

    In some cases, insurance will cover the costs of specialized technology.

Literal Meanings of Assistive Technology

Assistive:

Meanings of Assistive:
  1. (Equipment) is designed to help people with disabilities.

  2. Assign someone to perform primary care under the supervision of a professional nurse.

Sentences of Assistive
  1. An important part of the delegation is giving clear instructions to the support staff.

Technology:

Meanings of Technology:
  1. Machines and devices were developed using scientific knowledge.

  2. The branch of science that deals with engineering or applied science.

Sentences of Technology
  1. This new technology can be useful when we apply it to practical issues.

  2. The development of new technologies in the nuclear industry is a long way off.

  3. It encourages people to move to cleaner fuels and technologies.

  4. How do we define and protect public values ​​as we see the widespread use of this technology right now?

  5. They need better combustion technologies, clean transport and more sustainable energy.

  6. What modern technologies are on sale or already on sale?

  7. Technology should be designed according to different contexts.

  8. The human response to this technology is countless attempts to use it for good and for profit.

Assistive technology (AT) is named for assistive, malleable, and rehabilitative devices for people with ailments or the aged population. People with disabilities often have trouble performing activities of daily living (ADLs) unaccompanied or even with assistance.

What is Assistive technology (AT)

assistive technology

Assistive technology can alleviate the effects of disabilities that limit the ability to perform ADLs. Assistive technology promotes greater independence by empowering people to perform tasks that they were previously unable to complete or have great difficulty completing, enhancing the technology needed to complete such tasks or interacting. By changing the methods.

For example, wheelchairs provide independent mobility for people who cannot walk, while assistive feeding devices can enable those who cannot feed themselves to do so.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Assistive technology vs Adaptive technology

Adaptive technology and assistive technology are different. Assistive technology is a term that is accustomed to help people with disabilities. In contrast, adaptive technology covers items specifically designed for people with disabilities and is rarely used by a non-disabled person.

Consequently, adaptive technology is a subtype of assistive technology. Adaptive technology often refers especially to electronic and information technology access.

Top ten Assistive Devices

Types of Devices Percent (%)
Visual Schedule, Calendar, Lists 81.3
Picture Communication Symbols 75.0
Boardmaker Software 53.1
Touch Screen for Computer 50.0
Picture Symbol Display Books/Boards 41.4
Boards with Objects, Pictures, Symbols 41.4
Adaptive Seating 40.7
Positioning Devices 35.7
Picture This Software 34.6
Adaptive Keyboards 33.3

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy

Occupational therapy (OT) is a healthcare professional specializing in maintaining or improving the quality of life for individuals who experience challenges while performing occupations of life independently.

According to the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework:

:small_blue_diamond: Domains and Processes (3rd ed.; AOTA, 2014), occupations include daily living (ADL), rest and sleep, education, work, play, leisure, and all primary ancillary activities.

:small_blue_diamond: Occupational therapists have the specialized skill to employ Assistive Technology (AT) to improve and maintain optimal, functional participation in occupations. As a result, occupational therapists can educate, recommend, and promote ATs to improve the quality of life for their clients.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Mobility disaplement

1. Wheelchair

Wheelchair

Wheelchairs are devices that can operate manually or electrically, and include a seating arrangement, and are designed to be an alternative to the general mobility that most people have.

Appliances come in many forms where they can be operated either by hand or by motors, with residing joysticks, sip-and-puff controls, head switches, or other input devices via the management of motors and seating control actuators.

New advances in wheelchair design enable wheelchairs to climb stairs, go off-road, or use Segway technology or additional add-ons such as handbikes or power assist.

2. Transfer equipment

Caregivers typically use patient transfer equipment to move disabled patients between beds, wheelchairs, commodes, toilets, chairs, stretchers, shower benches, automobiles, and swimming pools aid systems. The most common equipment are patient lifts (for vertical transfer), transfer benches, stretchers, or convertible chairs (for lateral, supine transfers), sit-to-stand lifts (to move patients from one sitting position to another).

For use, from wheelchair to commode), air-propelled inflatable mattresses (for recumbent transfer. Highly dependent patients who cannot help their caregiver move them often require a patient lift (a floor or ceiling-suspended sling lift), invented in 1955 and developed in the 1960s. Still, everyday use is considered a state-of-the-art—transfer device by OSHA and the American Nursing Association.

3. Walker

walker

A walker, walking frame, or rollator is a device for people with disabilities who need extra support to continue balance or stability while walking. It consists of an approximately waist-high frame, about twelve inches deep, and wider than the user. Walkers are also available in many sizes, such as for babies or heavier people.

Modern walkers are height-adjustable. It is also customary to see caster wheels or glide on a walker’s hind legs with the front wheels.

4. Prosthesis

prothesis

A prosthesis, prosthesis, or prosthesis is a device that replaces a missing part of the body. It is part of biomechanics, the science of using mechanical devices with the human muscular, musculoskeletal, and nervous systems to aid or enhance motor control lost by trauma, disease, or defect.

Prostheses are commonly used to replace parts lost from injury (traumatic) or supplement missing (congenital) or defective body parts from birth. Artificial heart valves are everyday use inside the body, with artificial hearts and lungs seeing less common use but under active technology development. Other medical devices and aids

5. Exoskeleton

exoskeleton

A powered exoskeleton is a vesture mobile machine powered by an electric motor, pneumatics, levers, hydraulics, or a combination of technologies that allow increased strength and endurance to move limbs. Its design is intended to provide back support, sense user movement, and signal the motors that manage the gears. The exoskeleton supports the shoulders, pelvis, and thighs and helps lift and hold heavy objects while reducing back strain.

6. Adaptive seating and position

Adaptive seating and position

People with balance and motor function challenges usually require special equipment to sit or stand safely and securely. This device is often specialized in specific settings such as a classroom or nursing home. Positioning is often crucial in seating arrangements to ensure that the pressure of the user’s body is distributed evenly without impeding movement in the desired manner.

Positioning devices have been developed to help allow people to stand and bear weight on their feet without the risk of falling. These standards are generally divided into two categories based on the living conditions. Prone standers distribute body weight in front of the person and usually have a tray in front of them.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Visual impairments

Many people with severe vision impairment live independently using a wide range of tools and techniques. Examples of assistive technology for the visually impaired include screen readers, screen magnifiers, braille embossers, desktop video magnifiers, and voice recorders.

1. Screen reader

screen reader

Screen readers are used to helping visually impaired people access electronic information more easily. These software programs run on computers to communicate the displayed information via voice (text-to-speech) or braille (refreshable braille display) in combination with magnification for users with low vision in some cases.

Some examples of screen readers are Apple VoiceOver, Google TalkBack, and Microsoft Narrator. This software is supplied free of charge on all Apple devices. It can read file contents aloud and web pages, e-mail messages, and word processing files.

2. Braille and Braille Embosser

Braille Embosser

A complete Braille cell comprises six dots, with two parallel rows of three dots, but other combinations and amounts of dots representing letters, numbers, punctuation, or words. People can then use their fingers to study the code for the raised dots.

A braille embosser, simply put, is a printer for braille. Instead of a standard printer adding ink to a page, a braille embosser imprints raised braille dots. Many Braille embossers

combine both braille and ink so that documents can be read by sight or touch.

3. Refreshable braille display

braile display

A refreshable Braille display is an electro-mechanical tool for presenting Braille temperaments through a rounded-tipped pin raised through a hole in a flat surface. Computer users who can’t use a computer monitor read a Braille output version of the arranged text.

4. Desktop video magnifier

Desktop video magnifier

Desktop video magnifiers are electronic devices that utilize a display screen to magnify printed material digitally. They enlarge printed pages for people with low vision.

They come in many sizes and styles. Some are small and portable with miniature cameras, while others are much larger and organized on a fixed base.

5. Screen magnification software

Screen magnification software

Screen magnifier interfaces with a computer’s graphical output to render enlarged screen content. It allows users to enlarge the text and graphics on their computer screen for easier viewing. Similar to desktop video magnifiers. After the user loads the program into their computer’s memory, it acts as a sort of “computer magnifying glass.” Wherever the computer’s cursor moves, it magnifies the area around it. This large-print keyboard has touch elements and special keys for the visually impaired.

6. Large-print and tactile keyboard

Large-print and tactile keyboard

In large-print keyboards, the keys are capitalized. On the keyboard shown, round buttons on the top control software can magnify, change the screen’s background color, or magnify the mouse cursor. In this case, the “bump dots” on the keys, set up by the organization using the keyboard, help the user find the correct key tactilely.

7. Navigation aids

Navigation aids

Assistive technology for navigation has been donated on the IEEE Explore database since 2000, with over 7,500 engineering blogs written on assistive technologies and visual constipation in the past 25 years and over 1,300 on solving navigation for the blind or visually impaired. There are more articles. Over 600 blogs on augmented reality and visual impairment have appeared in the engineering literature since 2000.

8. Wearable technology

Wearable technology

Wearable technologies are intelligent electronic devices that can be worn on the body as an implant or accessory. New technologies are exploring how the visually constipated can receive visual information through wearable devices.

Some wearable devices for visual impairment include:

  • OrCam device
  • eSight
  • Brainport

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Hearing impairment

People in the d/deaf and hard-of-hearing community have a more difficult time obtaining hearing information than non-hearing individuals. These individuals often rely on visual and palpable media to receive and communicate information.

These technologies can be grouped into three basic categories:

1. Hearing aids

A hearing aid is an electro-acoustic tool that increases sound for the wearer, makes speech more intelligible, and correct impaired hearing as in audiometry.

They amplify any sound waves through the use of microphones, amplifiers, and speakers. There are many hearing aids available, including digital, in-the-ear, in-the-canal, behind-the-ear, and on-the-body aids.

2. Assistive listening devices

Assisted listening devices include FM, infrared, and loop assistive listening devices. This type of technology permits people with hearing loss to focus on the speaker or subject by getting rid of additional background noise and distractions, making it easier to attend auditoriums, classrooms, and meetings.

Assistive listening devices typically use a microphone. Capture an audio source transmit it wirelessly over an FM (frequency modulation) transmission, Infrared transmission, Induction loop transmission, or other transmission methods. The person listening can use the FM/IR/IL receiver to tune the signal and listen at their preferred volume.

3. Amplified telephone equipment

This type of Assistive technology permits users to increase the volume and clarity of their phone calls to more easily participate in this mode of communication. Additionally, there is a wide variety of telephones to choose from, with varying degrees of amplification. For example, a phone with 25 to 40 decibels is generally sufficient for mild hearing loss, while a phone with 71 to 90 decibels is better for more severe hearing loss.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: In sports

Assistive Technology in Sports is a technology plan that is growing. Assistive technology is a series of new devices designed to enable sports enthusiasts, who are handicapped, to play.

Assistive technology devices may be simple or “low-technology,” or they may use highly advanced technology. “Low-tech” devices may include Velcro gloves and adaptive bands and tubes. “High-tech” equipment can include all-terrain wheelchairs and adaptive bicycles.

:diamond_shape_with_a_dot_inside: Computer accessibility

A sip-and-puff device permits a person with a substantial disability to select and navigate a computerized interface by controlling inhalation and exhalation.

One of the biggest problems affecting people with disabilities is trouble with prostheses. An experiment conducted in Massachusetts used 20 people with different sensors attached to their hands. The subjects tried different hand exercises, and the sensors recorded their movements. All the data helped engineers develop new engineering concepts for prosthetics.

Summary

Overall, assistive technology is intended to allow people with disabilities to “fully participate in all aspects of life (home, school, and community)” and their opportunities for “education, social interaction, and the potential for meaningful employment.” It creates greater freedom and control for persons with disabilities.

Frequently asked questions

People usually ask many questions about assistive technology. A few of them are discussed below:

1. What exactly is classroom assistive technology?

Assistive technology refers to any software or equipment that assists students with impairments in navigating their learning problems and strengthening their skill sets.

2. What exactly is computer assistive technology?

Mobility aids such as pilgrims and wheelchairs and hardware, software, and peripherals that assist individuals with impairments in accessing computers or other information technologies are examples of assistive technology. The accessibility of information technology is based on accessible design.

3. Which is the most prevalent form of disability?

Mobility is the most prevalent form of impairment, affecting one out of every seven persons. Disability grows increasingly frequent as people become older, impacting roughly one in every five persons aged 65 and over. “Most individuals will have a handicap or know someone who has one at some time in their lives,” stated Coleen Boyle, Ph.

4. What exactly are assistive technology devices Braille?

A Braille tablet-like device allows visually challenged users to utilise Braille and speech to access different services such as word processing, e-book reading, online surfing, social networks, voice recording, and email.

5. How does technology assist the sight impaired?

People with vision loss may now accomplish various tasks, like composing documents, accessing the internet, and sending and receiving emails, thanks to advances in technology. Screen Reading software and specific talking and Braille devices enable those who are blind to use devices, mobile phones, and other electric devices independently.

Conclusion

This article will provide an overview of the role of AT in the treatment of LD. The more you know about In, the more likely it is that your child will succeed in school, recreation, and, eventually, employment.

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Assistive Technology

Assistive technology refers to any software or hardware designed to support and enhance the functionality of people with disabilities. Some examples are wheelchairs, prosthetics, speech-to-text technology and text-to-speech technology.