Definition of Acid rain:
Rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes. The main cause is the industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels, the waste gases from which contain sulfur and nitrogen oxides, which combine with atmospheric water to form acids.
Most rainfall is generally slightly acidic due to the carbonic acid from carbon dioxide in atmosphere. But acid rain is caused when sulfur (sulphur) dioxide and nitrogen oxides (from automobile exhausts and industrial emissions) are washed out from the atmosphere by rain as weak sulfuric (sulphuric) and nitric acid. Acid rain can cause serious damage to crops, and leaches calcium ions from soil and plant leaves causing an ionic imbalance. See also acid deposition.
How to use Acid rain in a sentence?
- Power generated from fossil fuels causes smog, mercury pollution, acid rain and global warming.
- The surfaces of many outdoor monuments and statues are being eaten away gradually by acid rain , due to the increase in industrial and other chemicals which combine with water in the atmosphere.
- Acid rain can cause serious damage to certain type of stone building and statues which has resulted in the destruction of various historic landmarks in Europe.
- The coal burning power plant, along with the increase in automobile traffic, contributed to the acid rain which had disastrous effects on the local lakes and rivers.
Meaning of Acid rain & Acid rain Definition